Tag Archives: omega-3 fatty acids

DHA – Essential For Optimal Health – Dr. Jack Kruse

Recently there has been an increasing focus on the importance of adding fish oils to the diet. Research has clearly demonstrated the health maintaining effects of adequate levels of EPA and DHA, the primary constituents of fish oil. These essential substances are the most deficient nutrients in the modern Western diet and research has determined that this widespread deficiency is linked to virtually every modern disease process.

EPA and DHA are omega-3 fatty acids, which are polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) with a double bond (C=C) at the third carbon atom from the end of the carbon chain. EPA is necessary for the manufacture of Series-3 prostaglandins, thromboxanes, and leukotrienes which are all essential to the functioning of the human body as complex hormones that work on the tissue and cellular level. DHA is the predominant fatty acid in the human brain, facilitating visual and cognitive function, forming neuroreceptors for neurotransmitters such as dopamine and serotonin, as well as serving as a storage molecule that the body can reconvert to EPA when needed. DHA is not burned for fuel. It is reserved for the most critical parts of our nervous system, namely synapses and photoreceptors. The oxidizing power of the photon actually causes DHA to degrade under sunlight’s oxidizing power which is why the retina has more DHA per unit volume than any other part of the brain. It is also why macular degeneration is associated with low DHA levels.

The concentration of DHA in our brain resulted in a quantum electromagnetic computer. This quantum electromagnetic computer works on the movement of electrons, and turning these electrons into photons.

DHA is the most unsaturated of cell membrane fatty acids found in all mammals. Omega-3 fatty acids are also an important constituent of all cellular membranes, giving them fluidity and facilitating all metabolic and bioelectrical processes. DHA provided the “basic membrane” backbone of the new photoreceptors that converted photons into direct current electricity, laying the foundation for the evolution of the nervous system and the brain in animals. DHA is also the ultimate EMF antenna for the native electromagnetic force.  This is why the human neocortex is un-myelinated and loaded with DHA in these neurons.  This allows these electrons to be delocalized, or ‘moved’, under the direction of the electromagnetic force, making us more sensitive to electrons in our environment. EPA and DHA are so critical for the healthy functioning of the human body that their deficiency contributes to the following disorders:

ADD/ADHD                                         dyslexia

depression                                             weight gain

heart disease                                          allergies

arthritis                                                  violent tendencies

memory problems                                 cancer

eczema                                                  inflammatory diseases

diabetes                                                dry skin

dandruff                                                postpartum depression

alcoholism                                            Crohn’s disease

irritable bowel syndrome                      cirrhosis of the liver

premenstrual syndrome (PMS)             hypoglycemia

cravings for carbs and sweets                noncancerous breast disease

ulcerative colitis                                     scleroderma

Sjogren’s syndrome                                hypertension

bipolar disorder                                      irritability

soft or brittle nails                                  lowered immunity or frequent infections

frequent urination                                  fatigue

dry, unmanageable hair                          hyperactivity

excessive thirst                                      dry eyes

poor wound healing                               learning problems

alligator skin                                          patches of pale skin on cheeks

cracked skin on hand                             macular degeneration

chronic fatigue                                       fibromyalgia

The typical Western diet is extremely deficient in EPA and DHA, which has resulted in a tremendous increase in the number of people experiencing the disorders listed above. So the obvious question is, “Why the widespread deficiency?”. First, a bit of background on the source of EPA and DHA for dietary intake. The ‘parent’ form of omega-3 fatty acids is ALA (alpha-linolenic acid), which is found in green and leafy plants such as grass, as well as in plankton, chia seeds, walnuts, hemp seeds  and flax seeds. When a grass-eating animal or a plankton-eating fish consumes this substance, a series of enzymatic and metabolic conversions take place to transform the ALA into its derivative forms, EPA and DHA. Cold-water fish are very efficient at converting the ALA in plankton, while herbivores make these conversions easily, although they are able to make only small amounts of DHA. Humans make these conversions also, but much less efficiently than herbivores and numerous factors may complicate this process.

Prior to modern times, traditional and primitive sources of EPA and DHA in the diet have included such things as the meat and organs of wild game and other exclusively grass-fed meats and wild-caught cold-water seafood.  (DHA) docosahexaenoic acid is the main lipid in the marine food chain.  DHA is found in algae.  Algae uses photosynthesis to power its lifecycle.  It is also the base food of the marine food chain.  All marine life is tied to algae.  All sea life is tied to DHA. DHA allows us to be ultimate electron collectors and photon creators in all our tissues. Why is oxygen critical to humans, specifically?  Electrons from oxygen create the omega 3 class of PUFA’s. 

DHA is in every living thing with a neural circuit.  It turns out that DHA’s related molecule,  DPA, is easier to make, takes less energy to make, is more abundant, and only differs from DHA by two protons.  DPA is the major omega 3 found in the land food chain of mammals. DPA is easier to make but DHA has an additional property that allows life to collect electrons from the environment in massive amounts. Humans have more DHA than any other animal alive.  Since humans cannot synthesize DHA well in their cells,  it tells us we had to originally reside an environment with an abundance of DHA.

Unfortunately the modern Western diet is not centered around seafood in order to provide an adequate amount of DHA and the further that diet departs from a concentration on seafood, the sicker society gets. In studies today, DHA intake is directly tied to improvement in human health in every organ system. Modern dietary sources of preformed EPA and DHA include wild-caught seafood from cold waters, such as salmon, halibut, cod, herring, mackerel, and sardines. Albacore tuna may contain small amounts. Farm-raised fish such as Atlantic salmon and other varieties are usually devoid of significant omega-3 content. Wild game is another good source of omega-3 fatty acids, although the quantities are much lower than those found in seafood. Exclusively grass-fed and finished beef, lamb, venison and buffalo are also good sources, although, like wild game they contain much lower amounts than seafood.

Unless specifically labeled as 100% grass fed and finished, assume that animals have been raised in feedlots, eliminating virtually all omega-3 fatty acid content. Any grain feeding that takes place before going to market will drastically reduce the amount of omega-3 in the meat. It is advisable initially to supplement EPA and DHA from either fish oil or krill oil in order to rapidly mitigate the body’s deficiency state.

Supplements of flaxseed oil and hemp oil are commonly promoted as a rich source of vegetarian omega-3 fatty acids. Although this is true, flax and hemp contain ALA, the parent form of omega-3, and they contain zero EPA or DHA. ALA requires enzymatic and metabolic processes in order to be converted to EPA and DHA. These conversions occur very inefficiently, if at all. For individuals with optimal amounts of omega-6 and no trans-fats in their diets, the maximum amount of EPA converted is around 6% and DHA around 4%.

Cod liver oil is an excellent source of EPA and DHA, which also contains vitamin A and D. Regular fish oil or Antarctic krill oil supplements, combined with small amounts of cod liver oil, are the best supplemental sources. Many companies molecularly distill their fish oil to remove toxins and impurities. Nordic Naturals offers a complete line of fish oil and cod liver oil products that are produced with the highest standards in the industry.

Other important supplements to take along with the fish oils are vitamin E, CoQ10, Iodine, selenium and vitamin D, all of which will protect these oils from oxidizing and becoming rancid in the body. The addition of dietary saturated fats, such as coconut oil, also is important for protection and use of omega-3 fatty acids along with its own nutritional and healing benefits. Standard fish oil capsules contain roughly 180mg of EPA and 120mg of DHA.

A common daily dosage recommendation is to take one capsule for every 10 pounds of body weight or 1 teaspoon of fish oil for every 40 pounds of body weight. If you are using omega-3 fatty acids for health, mood, or cognitive enhancement, roughly 2000mg per day is probably adequate. If needed for mood elevation or stabilization in more serious mood disorders or bi-polar disorder, 10,000mg of omega-3 fatty acids or more may be appropriate for some individuals. The traditional Greenland Eskimo diet included at least 14,000mg per day of omega-3 fatty acids. This amount of omega-3’s from marine sources, strongly underscores the need for modern humans to ingest much higher quantities than are typical of the Western diet. As supplementation brings the body’s amount of EPA and DHA up to optimal health sustaining levels, one should add an increasing amount of cold water fish, as listed above, to the diet. The best source of EPA and DHA is ultimately from nature, as designed.