Artificial Intelligence is Hype

Praise for AI is creeping into more and more Ted talks, YouTube videos and news feeds as each week passes.

The question is, or should be, how much of the hype surrounding artificial intelligence is warranted?

“For 60 years scientists have been announcing that the great AI breakthrough is just around the corner.  All of a sudden many tech journalists and tech business leaders appear convinced that, finally, AI has come into its own.”(1)

“We’ve all been seeing hype and excitement around artificial intelligence, big data, machine learning and deep learning. There’s also a lot of confusion about what they really mean and what’s actually possible today. These terms are used arbitrarily and sometimes interchangeably, which further perpetuates confusion.

So, let’s break down these terms and offer some perspective.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial Intelligence is a branch of computer science that deals with algorithms inspired by various facets of natural intelligence. It includes performing tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, problem solving and language translation. Artificial intelligence can be seen in many every day products, from intelligent personal assistants in your smartphone to the X-box 360 Kinect camera, allowing you to interact with games through body movement. There are also well-known examples of AI that are more experimental, from the self-aware Super Mario to the widely discussed driverless car. Other less commonly discussed examples include the ability to sift through millions of images to pull together notable insights.

Big Data

Big Data is an important part of AI and is defined as extremely large data sets that are so large they cannot be analyzed, searched or interpreted using traditional data processing methods. As a result, they have to be analyzed computationally to reveal patterns, trends, and associations. This computational analysis, for instance, has helped businesses improve customer experience and their bottom line by better understand human behavior and interactions. There are many retailers that now rely heavily on Big Data to help adjust pricing in near-real time for millions of items, based on demand and inventory. However, processing of Big Data to make predictions or decisions like this often requires the use of Machine Learning techniques.

Machine Learning

Machine Learning is a form of artificial intelligence which involves algorithms that can learn from data. Such algorithms operate by building a model based on inputs and using that information to make predictions or decisions, rather than following only explicitly programmed instructions. There are lots of basic decisions that can be performed leveraging machine learning, like Nest with its learning thermostats as one example. Machine Learning is widely used in spam detection, credit card fraud detection, and product recommendation systems, such as with Netflix or Amazon.

Deep Learning

Deep Learning is a class of machine learning techniques that operate by constructing numerous layers of abstraction to help map inputs to classifications more accurately. The abstractions made by Deep Learning methods are often observed as being human like, and the big breakthrough in this field in recent years has been the scale of abstraction that can now be achieved. This, in recent years, has resulted in breakthroughs in computer vision and speech recognition accuracy. Deep Learning is inspired by a simplified model of the way Neural Networks are thought to operate in the brain.

No doubt AI is in a hype cycle these days. Recent breakthroughs in Distributed AI and Deep Learning, paired with the ever-increasing need for deriving value from huge stashes of data being collected in every industry, have helped renew interest in AI. “(5)

Human levels of understanding? Really?

How much of an AI breakthrough has humanity actually achieved, as opposed to wishful thinking.

“Gary Marcus, a psychology professor at New York University, who writes about artificial intelligence for the New Yorker, was the first to burst the balloon. He told Geektime that while the coalescence of parallel computation and big data has led to some exciting results, so-called ‘deeper algorithms’ aren’t really that much different from two decades ago.

In fact, several experts concurred that doing neat things with statistics and big data (which account for many of the recent AI “breakthroughs”) are no substitute for understanding how the human brain actually works.

“Current models of intelligence are still extremely far away from anything resembling human intelligence,” philosopher and scientist Douglas Hofstadter told Geektime.

But why is everyone so excited about computer systems like IBM’s Watson, which beat the best human players on Jeopardy! and has even more recently been  diagnosing disease?

“Watson doesn’t understand anything at all,” said Hofstadter.  “It is just good at grammatical parsing and then searching for text strings in a very large database.”

Similarly, Google Translate understands nothing whatsoever of the sentences that it converts from one language to another, “which is why it often makes horrendous messes of them,” said Hofstadter.”(1)

“In narrow domains like chess, computers are getting exponentially better.

But in some other domains, like strong artificial intelligence, general artificial intelligence, there’s  been almost no progress.

Not many people are fooled into thinking that Siri is an example of general artificial intelligence.

We were promised Rosie the robot and got Roomba, which wanders the room and tries not to bump into anything.

AI actually nearly died in 1973. There was something in Britain, called the Lighthill Report, that was compiled by James Lighthill for the British Science Research Council as an evaluation of the academic research in the field of artificial intelligence.

The report said that artificial intelligence only worked in narrow domains, it’s unlikely to scale up, and that it will have limited applications. This report led basically to the end of funding in British AI research. This was called the first AI winter.

Current systems are still narrow. You have chess computers that can’t do anything else, driverless cars that can’t do anything else. There are language translators that are really good at translating languages, but are not perfect, often having a problem with syntax, and they can’t actually answer questions about what they’re translating.

What you end up having in AI is a community of idiot savants, with special service programs that do one thing, but aren’t general.

Watson is probably the most impressive in some ways, but as with most artificial intelligence systems that actually work, there’s a hidden restriction that makes it look a lot easier than it appears to be. When you look at Watson, you think, it knows everything, it can look it up really quickly, but it turns out that 95% of all of the Jeopardy questions that it’s trying to answer are the titles of Wikipedia pages. It’s basically searching the Wikipedia pages, but seems like a general intelligence, but it isn’t one.

IBM is still struggling to figure out what to do with it.

Your average teenager can pick up a new video game after an hour or two of practice or learn plenty of other skills.

The closest we have to that in AI is the company Deep Mind, which Google bought in 2014. It’s a system that can do general purpose learning of a limited sort. Its actually better than humans in a few video games and in the game.

We’re still a long way from machines that can master a wide range of tasks, understand something like Wikipedia and be able to learn for itself.

We were promised human level intelligence and what we got were things like ‘key word’ searches. Anyone who’s done searches on Google has run into the limitations of this level of processing.

The trouble with Big Data is that it’s all correlation and no causation:

You can always go and find correlations, but just finding correlations, which is what Big Data does, if it’s done in an unsophisticated way, doesn’t necessarily give you the right answer.

It’s important to realize that children don’t just care about correlations. They want to know why things are correlated:

Children are asking questions. Big Data is just collecting data.

AI’s roots were in trying to understand human intelligence. Hardly anybody talks about human intelligence anymore. They just talk about getting a big data base and run a particular function on it.”(2)

“In Marcus’ view, the only route to true machine intelligence is to begin with a better understanding of human intelligence. Big data will only get you so far, because it’s all correlation and no causation.

When children begin learning about the world, they don’t need big data. That’s because their brains are understanding why one thing causes another. That process only requires “small data,” says Marcus. “They don’t need exabytes of data to learn a lot.”

“My 22-month old is already more sophisticated than the best robots in the world in digging through bad toys and finding something new.”

Marcus offers several examples of aspects of human intelligence that we need to gain a better understanding of if we are want to build intelligent machines. For instance, a human being who looks at the following picture will be able to guess what happens next:

No machine can.”(1)

Below is an image of a Goose on a lake and there’s a detail there that looks like a car:

“It you take a Deep Learning algorithm and have it look at a picture like this, it might do what’s called a false alarm. It might say it sees a duck and it sees a car there too. You, as a human being, know that there’s not a car in the lake. So, if you have common sense, you use that a part of your analysis of the image and you don’t usually get fooled.

Try doing a search on the following: ‘Which is closer Paris or Saturn’, and see what you get for search results. Any child should be able to answer that question, but for most search engines, you will just get various links to info about Saturn and some links to info about Paris.

Natural Language

There’s a kind of sentence called a generic, which is things like ‘triangles have three sides’. What is meant by generic here is the triangles have three sides in general.

But is can be looser than that. For example one can say ‘dogs have four legs’. Most dogs have four legs, but they don’t all, since most people have seen three legged dogs.

The point here is that you can make sense of that statement. You can read an encyclopedia and make inferences about it.

How about ‘ducks lay eggs’? Well, this isn’t even true of most ducks since half the ducks are male and they don’t lay eggs, and some of the ducks are too young or too old or have a disorder, and they don’t lay eggs. So maybe only 30% of ducks actually lay eggs, but you understand it, you get it, you can think about it. We can make inferences, even though we don’t have a statistically reliable truth.

Children are able to understand this but machines aren’t.

The field of AI is hyped up to be further along than it actually is. There’s been little progress on making genuinely smart machines. Statistics and Big Data, as popular as they are, are never going to get us all the way there by themselves.

The only route to true machine intelligence is going to begin with a better understanding of human intelligence.”(2)

The Ideology of AI

“If computers don’t actually even think in the human sense, then why do the media and high-tech business leaders seem so eager to jump the gun? Why would they have us believe that robots are about to surpass us?

Perhaps many of us actually want computers to be smarter than humans because it’s an appealing fantasy. If robots are at parity with humans, then we can define down what it means to be human — we’re just an obsolete computer program — and all the vexing, painful questions like why do we suffer, why do we die, how should we live? become irrelevant.

It also justifies a world in which we put algorithms on a pedestal and believe they will solve all our problems. Jaron Lanier compares it to a religion:

“In the history of organized religion,” he told Edge.org, “it’s often been the case that people have been disempowered precisely to serve what were perceived to be the needs of some deity or another, where in fact what they were doing was supporting an elite class that was the priesthood for that deity.”

“That looks an awful lot like the new digital economy to me, where you have (natural language) translators and everybody else…contributing mostly to the fortunes of whoever runs the top computers. The new elite might say, “Well, but they’re helping the AI, it’s not us, they’re helping the AI. The effect of the new religious idea of AI is a lot like the economic effect of the old idea, religion.”(1)

The Mythic Singularity

“Why is religious language so pervasive in AI and transhumanist circles?

The odd thing about the anti-clericalism in the AI community is that religious language runs wild in its ranks, and in how the media reports on it. There are AI ‘oracles’ and technology ‘evangelists’ of a future that’s yet to come, plus plenty of loose talk about angels, gods and the apocalypse.

Ray Kurzweil, an executive at Google, is regularly anointed a ‘prophet’ by the media – sometimes as a prophet of a coming wave of ‘superintelligence’ (a sapience surpassing any human’s capability); sometimes as a ‘prophet of doom’ (thanks to his pronouncements about the dire prospects for humanity); and often as a soothsayer of the ‘singularity’ (when humans will merge with machines, and as a consequence live forever).

The tech folk who also invoke these metaphors and tropes operate in overtly and almost exclusively secular spaces, where rationality is routinely pitched against religion. But believers in a ‘transhuman’ future – in which AI will allow us to transcend the human condition once and for all – draw constantly on prophetic and end-of-days narratives to understand what they’re striving for.

From its inception, the technological singularity has represented a mix of otherworldly hopes and fears. The modern concept has its origin in 1965, when Gordon Moore, later the co-founder of Intel, observed that the number of transistors you could fit on a microchip was doubling roughly every 12 months or so. This became known as Moore’s Law: the prediction that computing power would grow exponentially until at least the early 2020s, when transistors would become so small that quantum interference is likely to become an issue.

‘Singularitarians’ have picked up this thinking and run with it. In Speculations Concerning the First Ultraintelligent Machine (1965), the British mathematician and cryptologist I J Good offered this influential description of humanity’s technological inflection point:

Let an ultraintelligent machine be defined as a machine that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man however clever. Since the design of machines is one of these intellectual activities, an ultraintelligent machine could design even better machines; there would then unquestionably be an ‘intelligence explosion’, and the intelligence of man would be left far behind. Thus the first ultraintelligent machine is the last invention that man need ever make.

These meditations are shot through with excitement but also the very old anxiety about humans’ impending obsolescence. Kurzweil has said that Moore’s Law expresses a universal ‘Law of Accelerating Returns’ as nature moves towards greater and greater order. He predicts that computers will first reach the level of human intelligence, before rapidly surpassing it in a recursive, self-improving spiral.

When the singularity is conceived as an entity or being, the questions circle around what it would mean to communicate with a non-human creature that is omniscient, omnipotent, possibly even omnibenevolent. This is a problem that religious believers have struggled with for centuries, as they quested towards the mind of God.

In the 13th century, Thomas Aquinas argued for the importance of a passionate search for a relationship and shaped it into a Christian prayer: ‘Grant me, O Lord my God, a mind to know you, a heart to seek you, wisdom to find you …’ Now, in online forums, rationalist ‘singularitarians’ debate what such a being would want and how it would go about getting it, sometimes driving themselves into a state of existential distress at the answers they find.

A god-like being of infinite knowing (the singularity); an escape of the flesh and this limited world (uploading our minds); a moment of transfiguration or ‘end of days’ (the singularity as a moment of rapture); prophets (even if they work for Google); demons and hell (even if it’s an eternal computer simulation of suffering), and evangelists who wear smart suits (just like the religious ones do). Consciously and unconsciously, religious ideas are at work in the narratives of those discussing, planning, and hoping for a future shaped by AI.

The stories and forms that religion takes are still driving the aspirations we have for AI. What lies behind this strange confluence of narratives? The likeliest explanation is that when we try to describe the ineffable – the singularity, the future itself – even the most secular among us are forced to reach for a familiar metaphysical lexicon. When trying to think about interacting with another intelligence, when summoning that intelligence, and when trying to imagine the future that such an intelligence might foreshadow, we fall back on old cultural habits. The prospect creating an AI invites us to ask about the purpose and meaning of being human: what a human is for in a world where we are not the only workers, not the only thinkers, not the only conscious agents shaping our destiny.”(4)

Superior Intelligence and Rogue AI

“In Aristotle’s book, The Politics, he explains: ‘[T]hat some should rule and others be ruled is a thing not only necessary, but expedient; from the hour of their birth, some are marked out for subjection, others for rule.’ What marks the ruler is their possession of ‘the rational element’. Educated men have this the most, and should therefore naturally rule over women – and also those men ‘whose business is to use their body’ and who therefore ‘are by nature slaves’. Lower down the ladder still are non-human animals, who are so witless as to be ‘better off when they are ruled by man’.

So at the dawn of Western philosophy, we have intelligence identified with the European, educated, male human. It becomes an argument for his right to dominate women, the lower classes, uncivilized peoples and non-human animals.

Needless to say, more than 2,000 years later, the train of thought that these men set in motion has yet to be derailed.

The late Australian philosopher and conservationist Val Plumwood has argued that the giants of Greek philosophy set up a series of linked dualisms that continue to inform our thought. Opposing categories such as intelligent/stupid, rational/emotional and mind/body are linked, implicitly or explicitly, to others such as male/female, civilised/primitive, and human/animal. These dualisms aren’t value-neutral, but fall within a broader dualism, as Aristotle makes clear: that of dominant/subordinate or master/slave. Together, they make relationships of domination, such as patriarchy or slavery, appear to be part of the natural order of things.

According to Kant, the reasoning being – today, we’d say the intelligent being – has infinite worth or dignity, whereas the unreasoning or unintelligent one has none. His arguments are more sophisticated, but essentially he arrives at the same conclusion as Aristotle: there are natural masters and natural slaves, and intelligence is what distinguishes them.

This line of thinking was extended to become a core part of the logic of colonialism. The argument ran like this: non-white peoples were less intelligent; they were therefore unqualified to rule over themselves and their lands. It was therefore perfectly legitimate – even a duty, ‘the white man’s burden’ – to destroy their cultures and take their territory. In addition, because intelligence defined humanity, by virtue of being less intelligent, these peoples were less human. They therefore did not enjoy full moral standing – and so it was perfectly fine to kill or enslave them.

So when we reflect upon how the idea of intelligence has been used to justify privilege and domination throughout more than 2,000 years of history, is it any wonder that the imminent prospect of super-smart robots fills us with dread?

From 2001: A Space Odyssey to the Terminator films, writers have fantasized about machines rising up against us. Now we can see why. If we’re used to believing that the top spots in society should go to the brainiest, then of course we should expect to be made redundant by bigger-brained robots and sent to the bottom of the heap. If we’ve absorbed the idea that the more intelligent can colonize the less intelligent as of right, then it’s natural that we’d fear enslavement by our super-smart creations. If we justify our own positions of power and prosperity by virtue of our intellect, it’s understandable that we see superior AI as an existential threat.

Natural stupidity, rather than artificial intelligence, remains the greatest risk.

This narrative of privilege might explain why, as the New York-based scholar and technologist Kate Crawford has noted, the fear of rogue AI seems predominant among Western white men. Other groups have endured a long history of domination by self-appointed superiors, and are still fighting against real oppressors. White men, on the other hand, are used to being at the top of the pecking order. They have most to lose if new entities arrive that excel in exactly those areas that have been used to justify male superiority.

I don’t mean to suggest that all our anxiety about rogue AI is unfounded. There are real risks associated with the use of advanced AI (as well as immense potential benefits). But being oppressed by robots in the way that, say, Australia’s indigenous people have been oppressed by European colonists is not number one on the list.

We would do better to worry about what humans might do with AI, rather than what it might do by itself. We humans are far more likely to deploy intelligent systems against each other, or to become over-reliant on them. As in the fable of the sorcerer’s apprentice, if AIs do cause harm, it’s more likely to be because we give them well-meaning but ill-thought-through goals – not because they wish to conquer us. Natural stupidity, rather than artificial intelligence, remains the greatest risk.”(3)

Consumers Don’t Want It

“2016 and 2017 saw “AI” being deployed on consumers experimentally, tentatively, and the signs are already there for anyone who cares to see. It hasn’t been a great success.

The most hyped manifestation of better language processing is chatbots. Chatbots are the new UX, many including Microsoft and Facebook hope. Oren Etzoni at Paul Allen’s Institute predicts it will become a “trillion dollar industry” But he also admits “my 4 YO is far smarter than any AI program I ever met”.

Hmmm, thanks Oren. So what you’re saying is that we must now get used to chatting with someone dumber than a four year old, just because they can make software act dumber than a four year old.

Put it this way. How many times have you rung a call center recently and wished that you’d spoken to someone even more thick, or rendered by processes even more incapable of resolving the dispute, than the minimum-wage offshore staffer who you actually spoke with? When the chatbots come, as you close the [X] on another fantastically unproductive hour wasted, will you cheerfully console yourself with the thought: “That was terrible, but least MegaCorp will make higher margins this year! They’re at the cutting edge of AI!”?

In a healthy and competitive services marketplace, bad service means lost business. The early adopters of AI chatbots will discover this the hard way. There may be no later adopters once the early adopters have become internet memes for terrible service.

The other area where apparently impressive feats of “AI” were unleashed upon the public were subtle. Unbidden, unwanted AI “help” is starting to pop out at us. Google scans your personal photos and later, if you have an Android phone, will pop up “helpful” reminders of where you have been. People almost universally find this creepy. We could call this a “Clippy The Paperclip” problem, after the intrusive Office Assistant that only wanted to help. Clippy is going to haunt AI in 2017. This is actually going to be worse than anybody inside the AI cult quite realizes.

The successful web services today so far are based on an economic exchange. The internet giants slurp your data, and give you free stuff. We haven’t thought more closely about what this data is worth. For the consumer, however, these unsought AI intrusions merely draw our attention to how intrusive the data slurp really is. It could wreck everything. Has nobody thought of that?

AI Is a Make Believe World Populated By Mad People

The AI hype so far has relied on a collusion between two groups of people: a supply side and a demand side. The technology industry, the forecasting industry and researchers provide a limitless supply of post-human hype.

The demand comes from the media and political classes, now unable or unwilling to engage in politics with the masses, to indulge in wild fantasies about humans being replaced by robots. The latter reflects a displacement activity: the professions are already surrendering autonomy in their work to technocratic managerialism. They’ve made robots out of themselves – and now fear being replaced by robots.

There’s a cultural gulf between AI’s promoters and the public that Asperger’s alone can’t explain. There’s no polite way to express this, but AI belongs to California’s inglorious tradition of generating cults, and incubating cult-like thinking. Most people can name a few from the hippy or post-hippy years – EST, or the Family, or the Symbionese Liberation Army – but actually, Californians have been it at it longer than anyone realizes.

There’s nothing at all weird about Mark.

Move along and please tip the Chatbot.

Today, that spirit lives on Silicon Valley, where creepy billionaire nerds like Mark Zuckerberg and Elon Musk can fulfil their desires to “play God and be amazed by magic”, the two big things they miss from childhood. Look at Zuckerberg’s house, for example. What these people want is not what you or I want. I’d be wary of them running an after school club.”(6)

Should We Be Afraid of AI?

“Suppose you enter a dark room in an unknown building. You might panic about monsters that could be lurking in the dark. Or you could just turn on the light, to avoid bumping into furniture. The dark room is the future of artificial intelligence (AI). Unfortunately, many people believe that, as we step into the room, we might run into some evil, ultra-intelligent machines. This is an old fear. It dates to the 1960s, when Irving John Good, a British mathematician who worked as a cryptologist at Bletchley Park with Alan Turing, made the following observation:

Let an ultraintelligent machine be defined as a machine that can far surpass all the intellectual activities of any man however clever. Since the design of machines is one of these intellectual activities, an ultraintelligent machine could design even better machines; there would then unquestionably be an ‘intelligence explosion’, and the intelligence of man would be left far behind. Thus the first ultra-intelligent machine is the last invention that man need ever make, provided that the machine is docile enough to tell us how to keep it under control. It is curious that this point is made so seldom outside of science fiction. It is sometimes worthwhile to take science fiction seriously.

Once ultraintelligent machines become a reality, they might not be docile at all but behave like Terminator: enslave humanity as a sub-species, ignore its rights, and pursue their own ends, regardless of the effects on human lives.

If this sounds incredible, you might wish to reconsider. Fast-forward half a century to now, and the amazing developments in our digital technologies have led many people to believe that Good’s ‘intelligence explosion’ is a serious risk, and the end of our species might be near, if we’re not careful. This is Stephen Hawking in 2014:

The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race.

Last year, Bill Gates was of the same view:

I am in the camp that is concerned about superintelligence. First the machines will do a lot of jobs for us and not be superintelligent. That should be positive if we manage it well. A few decades after that, though, the intelligence is strong enough to be a concern. I agree with Elon Musk and some others on this, and don’t understand why some people are not concerned.

And what had Musk, Tesla’s CEO, said?

We should be very careful about artificial intelligence. If I were to guess what our biggest existential threat is, it’s probably that… Increasingly, scientists think there should be some regulatory oversight maybe at the national and international level, just to make sure that we don’t do something very foolish. With artificial intelligence, we are summoning the demon. In all those stories where there’s the guy with the pentagram and the holy water, it’s like, yeah, he’s sure he can control the demon. Didn’t work out.

The reality is more trivial. This March, Microsoft introduced Tay – an AI-based chat robot – to Twitter. They had to remove it only 16 hours later. It was supposed to become increasingly smarter as it interacted with humans. Instead, it quickly became an evil Hitler-loving, Holocaust-denying, incestual-sex-promoting, ‘Bush did 9/11’-proclaiming chatterbox. Why? Because it worked no better than kitchen paper, absorbing and being shaped by the nasty messages sent to it. Microsoft apologised.

This is the state of AI today. After so much talking about the risks of ultraintelligent machines, it is time to turn on the light, stop worrying about sci-fi scenarios, and start focusing on AI’s actual challenges, in order to avoid making painful and costly mistakes in the design and use of our smart technologies.

The current debate about AI is a dichotomy between those who believe in true AI and those who do not. Yes, the real thing, not Siri in your iPhone, Roomba in your living room, or Nest in your kitchen. Think instead of the false Maria in Metropolis (1927); Hal 9000 in 2001: A Space Odyssey (1968), on which Good was one of the consultants; C3PO in Star Wars (1977); Rachael in Blade Runner (1982); Data in Star Trek: The Next Generation (1987); Agent Smith in The Matrix (1999) or the disembodied Samantha in Her (2013). You’ve got the picture. Believers in true AI and in Good’s ‘intelligence explosion’ belong to the Church of Singularitarians. For lack of a better term, disbelievers will be referred to as members of the Church of AItheists. Let’s have a look at both faiths and see why both are mistaken. And meanwhile, remember: good philosophy is almost always in the boring middle.

Singularitarians believe in three dogmas. First, that the creation of some form of artificial ultraintelligence is likely in the foreseeable future. This turning point is known as a technological singularity, hence the name. Both the nature of such a superintelligence and the exact timeframe of its arrival are left unspecified, although Singularitarians tend to prefer futures that are conveniently close-enough-to-worry-about but far-enough-not-to-be-around-to-be-proved-wrong.

Second, humanity runs a major risk of being dominated by such ultraintelligence. Third, a primary responsibility of the current generation is to ensure that the Singularity either does not happen or, if it does, that it is benign and will benefit humanity. This has all the elements of a Manichean view of the world: Good fighting Evil, apocalyptic overtones, the urgency of ‘we must do something now or it will be too late’, an eschatological perspective of human salvation, and an appeal to fears and ignorance.

Put all this in a context where people are rightly worried about the impact of idiotic digital technologies on their lives, especially in the job market and in cyberwars, and where mass media daily report new gizmos and unprecedented computer-driven disasters, and you have a recipe for mass distraction: a digital opiate for the masses.

Like all faith-based views, Singularitarianism is irrefutable because, in the end, it is unconstrained by reason and evidence. It is also implausible, since there is no reason to believe that anything resembling intelligent (let alone ultraintelligent) machines will emerge from our current and foreseeable understanding of computer science and digital technologies. Let me explain.

Sometimes, Singularitarianism is presented conditionally. This is shrewd, because the then does follow from the if, and not merely in an ex falso quodlibet sense: if some kind of ultraintelligence were to appear, then we would be in deep trouble. Correct.

Absolutely. But this also holds true for the following conditional: if the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse were to appear, then we would be in even deeper trouble.

At other times, Singularitarianism relies on a very weak sense of possibility: some form of artificial ultraintelligence could develop, couldn’t it? Yes it could. But this ‘could’ is mere logical possibility – as far as we know, there is no contradiction in assuming the development of artificial ultraintelligence. Yet this is a trick, blurring the immense difference between ‘I could be sick tomorrow’ when I am already feeling unwell, and ‘I could be a butterfly that dreams it’s a human being.’

There is no contradiction in assuming that a dead relative you’ve never heard of has left you $10 million. That could happen. So? Contradictions, like happily married bachelors, aren’t possible states of affairs, but non-contradictions, like extra-terrestrial agents living among us so well-hidden that we never discovered them, can still be dismissed as utterly crazy. In other words, the ‘could’ is not the ‘could happen’ of an earthquake, but the ‘it isn’t true that it couldn’t happen’ of thinking that you are the first immortal human. Correct, but not a reason to start acting as if you will live forever. Unless, that is, someone provides evidence to the contrary, and shows that there is something in our current and foreseeable understanding of computer science that should lead us to suspect that the emergence of artificial ultraintelligence is truly plausible.

Here Singularitarians mix faith and facts, often moved, I believe, by a sincere sense of apocalyptic urgency. They start talking about job losses, digital systems at risk, unmanned drones gone awry and other real and worrisome issues about computational technologies that are coming to dominate human life, from education to employment, from entertainment to conflicts. From this, they jump to being seriously worried about their inability to control their next Honda Civic because it will have a mind of its own. How some nasty ultraintelligent AI will ever evolve autonomously from the computational skills required to park in a tight spot remains unclear. The truth is that climbing on top of a tree is not a small step towards the Moon; it is the end of the journey. What we are going to see are increasingly smart machines able to perform more tasks that we currently perform ourselves.

If all other arguments fail, Singularitarians are fond of throwing in some maths. A favorite reference is Moore’s Law. This is the empirical claim that, in the development of digital computers, the number of transistors on integrated circuits doubles approximately every two years. The outcome has so far been more computational power for less. But things are changing. Technical difficulties in nanotechnology present serious manufacturing challenges. There is, after all, a limit to how small things can get before they simply melt. Moore’s Law no longer holds. Just because something grows exponentially for some time, does not mean that it will continue to do so forever.

Singularitarianism is irresponsibly distracting. It is a rich-world preoccupation, likely to worry people in leisured societies, who seem to forget about real evils oppressing humanity and our planet.

Deeply irritated by those who worship the wrong digital gods, and by their unfulfilled Singularitarian prophecies, disbelievers – AItheists – make it their mission to prove once and for all that any kind of faith in true AI is totally wrong. AI is just computers, computers are just Turing Machines, Turing Machines are merely syntactic engines, and syntactic engines cannot think, cannot know, cannot be conscious. End of story.

AItheists’ faith is as misplaced as the Singularitarians’. Both Churches have plenty of followers in California, where Hollywood sci-fi films, wonderful research universities such as Berkeley, and some of the world’s most important digital companies flourish side by side. This might not be accidental. When there is big money involved, people easily get confused. For example, Google has been buying AI tech companies as if there were no tomorrow, so surely Google must know something about the real chances of developing a computer that can think, that we, outside ‘The Circle’, are missing? Eric Schmidt, Google’s executive chairman, fuelled this view, when he told the Aspen Institute in 2013: ‘Many people in AI believe that we’re close to [a computer passing the Turing Test] within the next five years.’

The Turing test is a way to check whether AI is getting any closer. You ask questions of two agents in another room; one is human, the other artificial; if you cannot tell the difference between the two from their answers, then the robot passes the test. It is a crude test. Think of the driving test: if Alice does not pass it, she is not a safe driver; but even if she does, she might still be an unsafe driver. The Turing test provides a necessary but insufficient condition for a form of intelligence. This is a really low bar. And yet, no AI has ever got over it. More importantly, all programs keep failing in the same way, using tricks developed in the 1960s.

Both Singularitarians and AItheists are mistaken. As Turing clearly stated in the 1950 article that introduced his test, the question ‘Can a machine think?’ is ‘too meaningless to deserve discussion’. This holds true, no matter which of the two Churches you belong to. Yet both Churches continue this pointless debate, suffocating any dissenting voice of reason.

True AI is not logically impossible, but it is utterly implausible. We have no idea how we might begin to engineer it, not least because we have very little understanding of how our own brains and intelligence work. This means that we should not lose sleep over the possible appearance of some ultraintelligence. What really matters is that the increasing presence of ever-smarter technologies is having huge effects on how we conceive of ourselves, the world, and our interactions. The point is not that our machines are conscious, or intelligent, or able to know something as we do. They are not. There are plenty of well-known results that indicate the limits of computation, so-called undecidable problems for which it can be proved that it is impossible to construct an algorithm that always leads to a correct yes-or-no answer.

We know, for example, that our computational machines satisfy the Curry-Howard correspondence, which indicates that proof systems in logic on the one hand and the models of computation on the other, are in fact structurally the same kind of objects, and so any logical limit applies to computers as well. Plenty of machines can do amazing things, including playing checkers, chess and Go and the quiz show Jeopardy better than us. And yet they are all versions of a Turing Machine, an abstract model that sets the limits of what can be done by a computer through its mathematical logic.

Quantum computers are constrained by the same limits, the limits of what can be computed (so-called computable functions). No conscious, intelligent entity is going to emerge from a Turing Machine. The point is that our smart technologies – also thanks to the enormous amount of available data and some very sophisticated programming – are increasingly able to deal with more tasks better than we do, including predicting our behaviors. So we are not the only agents able to perform tasks successfully.

These are ordinary artifacts that outperform us in ever more tasks, despite being no cleverer than a toaster. Their abilities are humbling and make us reevaluate human exceptionality and our special role in the Universe, which remains unique. We thought we were smart because we could play chess. Now a phone plays better than a Grandmaster. We thought we were free because we could buy whatever we wished. Now our spending patterns are predicted by devices as thick as a plank.

What’s the difference? The same as between you and the dishwasher when washing the dishes. What’s the consequence? That any apocalyptic vision of AI can be disregarded.

The success of our technologies depends largely on the fact that, while we were speculating about the possibility of ultraintelligence, we increasingly enveloped the world in so many devices, sensors, applications and data that it became an IT-friendly environment, where technologies can replace us without having any understanding, mental states, intentions, interpretations, emotional states, semantic skills, consciousness, self-awareness or flexible intelligence. Memory (as in algorithms and immense datasets) outperforms intelligence when landing an aircraft, finding the fastest route from home to the office, or discovering the best price for your next fridge.

Digital technologies can do more and more things better than us, by processing increasing amounts of data and improving their performance by analyzing their own output as input for the next operations. AlphaGo, the computer program developed by Google DeepMind, won the boardgame Go against the world’s best player because it could use a database of around 30 million moves and play thousands of games against itself, ‘learning’ how to improve its performance. It is like a two-knife system that can sharpen itself. What’s the difference? The same as between you and the dishwasher when washing the dishes. What’s the consequence? That any apocalyptic vision of AI can be disregarded.

We are and shall remain, for any foreseeable future, the problem, not our technology.

So we should concentrate on the real challenges:

We should make AI environment-friendly. We need the smartest technologies we can build to tackle the concrete evils oppressing humanity and our planet, from environmental disasters to financial crises, from crime, terrorism and war, to famine, poverty, ignorance, inequality and appalling living standards.

We should make AI human-friendly. It should be used to treat people always as ends, never as mere means, to paraphrase Immanuel Kant.

We should make AI’s stupidity work for human intelligence. Millions of jobs will be disrupted, eliminated and created; the benefits of this should be shared by all, and the costs borne by society.

We should make AI’s predictive power work for freedom and autonomy. Marketing products, influencing behaviors, nudging people or fighting crime and terrorism should never undermine human dignity.

And finally, we should make AI make us more human. The serious risk is that we might misuse our smart technologies, to the detriment of most of humanity and the whole planet. Winston Churchill said that ‘we shape our buildings and afterwards our buildings shape us’. This applies to the infosphere and its smart technologies as well.

Singularitarians and AItheists will continue their diatribes about the possibility or impossibility of true AI. We need to be tolerant. But we do not have to engage. As Virgil suggests in Dante’s Inferno: ‘Speak not of them, but look, and pass them by.’ For the world needs some good philosophy, and we need to take care of more pressing problems.”(7)

Cites:

(1) You’ve read the hype, now read the truth

(2) Web Summit 2014 Day One – Gary Marcus

(3) Intelligence: a history

(4) fAIth

(5) Myth Busting Artificial Intelligence

(6) ‘Artificial Intelligence’ was 2016’s fake news

(7) Should we be afraid of AI?

Bitcoin Is a Trojan Horse

By now almost everybody on the Earth has heard about Bitcoin since it’s constantly in the news, with it’s price rising rapidly.

The aim here is to give an overview of Bitcoin and then take a critical look at it.

Some common questions about Bitcoin:

“What the hell is it?

In the most general sense, bitcoin is software that forms a decentralized, peer-to-peer payment system with no central authority like the Federal Reserve or U.S. Treasury. It’s fair to call it a digital currency or cryptocurrency, but at the moment, most investors aren’t really using it as currency to pay for things. Instead, they’re using it as a speculative investment to buy in the hope of turning a profit. Maybe a big profit. (And maybe a big loss).

What backs or supports it? 

Bitcoin runs on something called blockchain, which is a software system often described as an immutable digital “ledger.” It resides on thousands of computers, all over the world, maintained by a mix of ordinary people and more sophisticated computer experts, known collectively as miners. Yahoo Finance’s Jared Blikre dabbles as a bitcoin miner, running mining software in the background on his laptop. Here’s how much bitcoin he has generated so far: 0.000000071589. At the current rate, it would take him about 1,200 years to mine one complete bitcoin. That gives you a sense of how complex it is to mine bitcoin, and how much processing power it takes: These computerized mining rigs throw off so much energy that they can heat your home.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Who’s running the show?

Bitcoin is decentralized, which means there isn’t one arbiter, central party or institution in charge. Blocks of transactions are validated on the blockchain network through computing “consensus,” which is a feature of the software. Bitcoin was created by someone in 2009 using the pseudonym Satoshi Nakamoto, but it isn’t known who that was, and that person or group doesn’t have control over bitcoin today. [Can you say suspicious?]

What is there to value? 

The price of bitcoin fluctuates based on buying and selling, just like a stock, but there’s a ton of debate over what the price represents. In theory, the value of bitcoin should reflect investors’ faith in bitcoin as a technology. But in reality, investors mostly see bitcoin as a commodity because of its finite supply. Under Satoshi’s blueprint, the total supply of bitcoin will eventually be capped at 21 million coins. At the moment [12/19/17] , 16.7 million bitcoins have been created. A fractional amount of new coins gets created every time a miner uploads a block to the blockchain, which is a reward for mining.

Is this a scam? 

It’s not a scam, in the sense of somebody marketing a bogus product. Bitcoin is a legitimate technology. The question is how useful and valuable it will become.

Is value completely determined by the free market? 

For the most part, yes. There’s a known and limited supply of bitcoin, so when demand goes up, so does the price. Technical innovation also contributes to bitcoin’s value. It was a novelty when first created in 2009, and the market has determined (for now) that it’s an invention that’s worth something.

If it’s virtual, can’t people make duplicates?

Yes, but that’s not a problem. All bitcoin transactions are stored on that public ledger, the blockchain. You can copy the blockchain, but it’s just a record. So you wouldn’t be changing the distribution of bitcoin. To process new transactions in bitcoin, miners with powerful computers solve complex problems that add the transactions in a block to the blockchain. This is called “proof of work” and is one of the core features of most cryptocurrencies. Multiple miners verify the work, which prevents fraud.

Is this a legal tender? 

Not officially yet in the United States. “Legal tender” means the laws of a state or nation require any creditor to accept the currency toward payment of a debt. In the United States, for instance, merchants must accept the U.S. dollar, which makes it legal tender. The U.S. government allows transactions in bitcoin, but doesn’t require every nail salon, car dealership or restaurant to accept it. They do have to accept dollars. Meanwhile, Japan and Australia, among other countries, have officially recognized bitcoin as legal currency. 

What is the collateral behind bitcoin? 

Nothing! The bitcoin blockchain records the entire transaction history of all bitcoin, which is validated through proof of work. That’s not collateral, however. There’s no other tangible asset backing bitcoin, the way a car serves as collateral for a car loan or a building serves as collateral for a commercial property loan.

Who keeps track of each bitcoin? 

All of the miners who maintain the system.

How do you buy and sell it? 

There are a number of easy-to-use exchanges now where you can buy bitcoin using money transferred from a bank account, and in some cases by charging a credit card. The most popular mainstream option is Coinbase, which now has more than 13 million customers. Kraken is another one.

What are you actually buying? 

You’re buying a digital “key,” which is a string of numbers and letters that gives you a unique claim on the blockchain supporting bitcoin. You can transfer this asset to others for whatever the market price of bitcoin is, minus transaction fees.

Can it be traced back to you?

Yes. Anyone who buys or sells bitcoin on an exchange such as Coinbase must provide their personal information to that exchange. If law-enforcement agencies or the IRS need to know something about you, the exchange will have to provide the info under the same laws that govern banks or brokerages. But your personal info does not become part of the blockchain and is not visible to miners maintaining the blockchain.

Are bitcoins real money? And can I cash them in whenever I want? 

Bitcoin has value that can be converted into ordinary currency, or used to make purchases from sellers that accept bitcoin. So in that sense, it’s real money, and it will remain real money as long as there’s a market with people willing to buy it. To “cash in” bitcoin, you need to sell it to somebody, in exchange for dollars or some other currency. Exchanges that handle such transactions have experienced frequent outages that prevent some people from accessing their accounts or executing a trade for a period of time, especially when are there large movements in the price of bitcoin. So don’t assume you’ll be able to sell any time you want.  

What is the value based on, besides scarcity? 

What buyers and sellers think bitcoin is worth. In other words, a lot of psychology.

How are Bitcoins stolen? 

The bitcoin blockchain itself is very secure, but bitcoins can be stolen from an account if thieves are able to log into your account and send the bitcoin to another account they control. Once bitcoin is transferred, it can’t be recovered. Thieves typically break into other people’s accounts by stealing logon and password info. That makes it extremely important to use all possible measures to safeguard a bitcoin account, including two-factor authentication with a mobile phone. You also have a “private key,” which is a third layer of security that you might need at some point, if there are questions about who’s logging into your account. This key is typically a string of keyboard characters that should be stored where it can’t be lost or stolen or accessed through the internet.

How does bitcoin generate revenue? 

Bitcoin itself doesn’t generate revenue. It’s best thought of as a commodity, similar to gold, that has a market price but doesn’t generate economic activity, the way a business does. When the value goes up, bitcoin can create profits. But when the value goes down, it can also create losses.

Miners earn money–paid in bitcoin–for creating bitcoin, which helps cover the cost of time and computer power that the process requires. They also earn small transaction fees from bitcoin users.

What’s the difference between bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies? 

That depends which currency you want to know about, and there are hundreds of them now. (Yahoo Finance recently added full data and charts for 105 of them.) Some coins, like bitcoin cash, bitcoin gold or litecoin, resulted from forks of the main bitcoin code. Then there are coins that run on their own blockchain, like ether (the token of the ethereum network) or XRP (the token of the ripple network).

Do you have to report bitcoins to the IRS? 

The IRS considers bitcoin to be the equivalent of property, with profits (or losses) taxed more or less the same as the proceeds from a sale of stock. The IRS recently won a court ruling against Coinbase that requires the exchange to report information on customers who had more than $20,000 in annual transactions from 2013 to 2015. It seems inevitable that the IRS will treat profits and losses from cryptocurrency bets the same as it treats other investment income.

How easy is it to cash out of cryptocurrencies?

Not as easy as you’d like. Bitcoin is not as liquid as other investments, in part because settlement can take more than a week, under good circumstances. Volatility and surging demand has caused frequent outages on exchanges such as Coinbase and Kraken, and you can’t sell if you can’t access your account. If such outages occur amid panic selling, some bitcoin holders might be unable to sell for a fairly long time, which could make steep losses worse as the price drops and people who want to sell, can’t. That’s one thing that could harm confidence in the asset.”(1)

Some Bitcoin History

“For those that are not already aware, Bitcoin uses the SHA-256 hash function, created by none other than the National Security Agency (NSA) and published by the National Institute for Standards and Technology (NIST).

Yes, that’s right, Bitcoin would not exist without the foundation built by the NSA. Not only this, but the entire concept for a system remarkably similar to bitcoin was published by the NSA way back in 1996 in a paper called “How To Make A Mint: The Cryptography Of Anonymous Electronic Cash.

The origins of bitcoin and thus the origins of crytpocurrencies and the blockchain ledger suggest anything other than a legitimate rebellion against the establishment framework and international financiers.

The truth is, the internet is also an establishment creation developed by DARPA, and as Edward Snowden exposed in his data dumps, the NSA has total information awareness and backdoor control over every aspect of web data.

Cryptocurrencies are built upon an establishment designed framework, and they are entirely dependent on an establishment created and controlled vehicle (the internet) in order to function and perpetuate trade.  How exactly is this “decentralization”, again?

Total Information Awareness

Total information awareness is the goal here; and blockchain technology helps the powers-that-be remove one of the last obstacles: private personal trade transactions.

Years ago, a common argument presented in favor of bitcoin was that it was “completely anonymous.”  Today, this is being proven more and more a lie. Even now, in the wake of open admissions by major bitcoin proponents that the system is NOT anonymous, people still claim anonymity is possible through various measures, but this has not proven to sway the FBI or IRS which have for years now been using resources such as Chainanalysis to track bitcoin users when they feel like doing so, including those users that have taken stringent measures to hide themselves.

Bitcoin proponents will argue that “new developments” and even new cryptocurrencies are solving this problem. Yet, this was the mantra back when bitcoin was first hitting the alternative media. It wasn’t a trustworthy assumption back then, so why would it be a trustworthy assumption now? The only proper assumption to make is that nothing digital is anonymous. Period.

Bitcoin Isn’t an Alternative to International or Central Banking

Cryptocurrencies like bitcoin are in no way a solution to combating the international and central banks.  In fact, cyrptocurrencies only seem to be expediting their plan for full spectrum digitization and the issuance of a global currency system.

Bitcoin could easily hit $100,000, but its “value” is truly irrelevant and consistently hyped as if it makes bitcoin self evident as a solution to globalism. The higher the bitcoin price goes, the more the bitcoin cult claims victory, yet the lack of intrinsic value never seems to cross their minds. They have Scrooge McDuck-like visions of swimming in a vault of virtual millions. They’ll only accuse you of being an “old fogey” that “does not understanding what the blockchain is.”

The fact is, they are the one’s that do not really understand what the blockchain is — a framework for a completely cashless society in which trade anonymity is dead and economic freedom is destroyed.”(2)

A Cashless Economy = Slavery

Make no mistake….the goal is to create a cashless economic system on a world wide basis.

“Despite the incredible penetration of credit and debit card transactions into economic aggregate, and the boom in internet shopping, few will comfortably admit that a cashless society is nearly upon us.

Over the years, futurists and commentators alike seemed to agree that a cashless society will be a slow creep, and would automatically phase itself in simply by virtue of the sheer volume of electronic transactions that gradually make cash less available and more costly to redeem, or exchange. This is still true for the most part. What few counted on, however, was how the final push would take place, and why. Some will be surprised by these new emerging mechanisms, and the political and sinister implications they ultimately lead to.

It has long been the dream of collectivists and technocratic elites to eliminate the semi-unregulated cash economy and black markets in order to maximize taxation and to fully control markets. If the cashless society is ushered in, they will have near complete control over the lives of individual people.

The financial collapse which began in 2007-2008 was merely the opening gambit of the elite criminal class, a mere warm-up for things to come. With the next collapse we may see a centrally controlled global digital currency gaining its final foothold. The cashless society is already here. The question now is how far will society allow it to penetrate and completely control each and every aspect of their day to day lives”(3)

“The central banks are planning drastic restrictions on cash itself. They see moving to electronic money will first eliminate the underground economy, but secondly, they believe it will even prevent a banking crisis. This idea of eliminating cash was first floated as the normal trial balloon to see how the people take it. It was first launched by Kenneth Rogoff of Harvard University and Willem Buiter, the chief economist at Citigroup. Their claims have been widely hailed and their papers are now the foundation for the new age of Economic Totalitarianism that confronts us. They sit in their lofty offices but do not have real world practical experience beyond theory.

Considerations of their arguments have shown how governments can seize all economic power and destroy cash in the process, eliminating all rights. Physical paper money provides the check against negative interest rates, for if they become too great, people will simply withdraw their funds and hoard cash. Furthermore, paper currency allows for bank runs. Eliminate paper currency and what you end up with is the elimination of the ability to demand to withdraw funds from a bank.

Paper currency is indeed the check against negative interest rates. We need only look to Switzerland to prove that theory. Any attempt to impose say a 5% negative interest rates (tax) would lead to an unimaginably massive flight into cash. This was already demonstrated recently by the example of Swiss pension funds, which withdrew their money from the bank in a big way and now store it in vaults in cash in order to escape the financial repression. People will act in their own self-interest and negative interest rates are likely to reduce the sales of government bonds and set off a bank run as long as paper money exists.

The only way to prevent such a global bank run would be the total prohibition of paper money.

The Financial Times argued last year that central banks would be the real winners from a cashless society:

Central bankers, after all, have had an explicit interest in introducing e-money from the moment the global financial crisis began…

The introduction of a cashless society empowers central banks greatly. A cashless society, after all, not only makes things like negative interest rates possible, it transfers absolute control of the money supply to the central bank, mostly by turning it into a universal banker that competes directly with private banks for public deposits. All digital deposits become base money.

If all money becomes digital, it would be much easier for the government to manipulate our accounts.

Indeed, numerous high-level NSA whistle-blowers say that NSA spying is about crushing dissent and blackmailing opponents … not stopping terrorism.

This may sound over-the-top … but remember, the government sometimes labels its critics as “terrorists.  If the government claims the power to indefinitely detain – or even assassinate – American citizens at the whim of the executive, don’t you think that government people would be willing to shut down, or withdraw a stiff “penalty” from a dissenter’s bank account?

If society becomes cashless, dissenters can’t hide cash.  All of their financial holdings would be vulnerable to an attack by the government.

This would be the ultimate form of control. Because – without access to money – people couldn’t resist, couldn’t hide and couldn’t escape.”(4)

The bottom line, as the corporate parasites say, is that a cashless economy equals slavery.

“Ask yourself this: Why is it that central banks around the world (including the BIS and IMF) are investing in Bitcoin and other crytpocurrencies while developing their own crypto systems based on a similar framework? Could it be that THIS infusion of capital and infrastructure from major banks is the most likely explanation for the incredible spike in the bitcoin market?  Why is it that globalist banking conglomerates like Goldman Sachs lavish blockchain technology with praise in their white papers? And, why are central bankers like Ben Bernanke speaking in favor of crypto at major cryptocurrency conferences if crypto is such a threat to central bank control?

Answer — because it is not a threat. 

They benefit from a cashless system, and liberty champions are helping to give it to them.

The Virtual Economy Breeds Weakness in Society

The virtual economy breeds weakness in society. It encourages a lack of tangible production. Instead of true producers, entrepreneurs and inventors, we have people scrambling to sell real world property in order to buy computing rigs capable of “mining” coins that do not really exist. That is to say, we may one day soon be faced with millions of citizens expending their labor and energy in order to obtain digital nothings programmed into existence and given artificial scarcity (for now).

Real change requires actions in the real world. Removing banking elitists and their structures by force if necessary (and this will probably be necessary). Instead, freedom activists are being convinced that they will never have to lift a finger to beat the bankers. All they have to do is buy and mine crypto. The day will come in the near future when the folks that embrace this nonsense will wake up and realize they have wasted their energies chasing a unicorn and are ill prepared to weather the economic reset that continues to evolve.

To maintain a real economy in which people are self reliant and safe from fiscal shock, you need three things: tangible localized and decentralized production, independent and decentralized trade networks that are not structured around an establishment controlled system (like the internet is controlled), and the will to apply force to protect and preserve that production and those networks. If you cannot manufacture a useful thing, repair a useful thing or teach a useful skill, then you are essentially useless in a real economy. If you do not have localized trade, you have nothing.  If you do not have the mindset and the community of independent people required to protect your local production, then you will not be able to keep the economy you have built.

This is the cold hard truth that crypto proponents do not want to discuss, and will dismiss outright as “archaic” or “not obtainable.” The virtual economy is so much easier, so much more enticing, so much more comfortable. Why risk anything or everything in a real world effort to build a concrete trade network in your own neighborhood or town? Why risk everything by promoting true decentralization through localized commodity-backed money and barter systems? Why risk everything by defending those systems when the establishment seeks to crush them? Why do this, when you can pretend you are a virtual hero wielding virtual weapons in a no risk rebellion in a world of electronic ones and zeros?

In truth, the virtual economy is not legitimate decentralization, it is a weapon of mass distraction engineered to kill legitimate decentralization.“(2)

The Bitcoin Mania Bubble

You may have heard the recent Bitcoin craze referred to as ‘Tulip Mania’.

If you’re not familiar with this reference, here’s an explanation:

“Tulip mania (Dutch: tulpenmanie) was a period in the Dutch Golden Age during which contract prices for some bulbs of the recently introduced and fashionable tulip reached extraordinarily high levels and then dramatically collapsed in February 1637. It is generally considered the first recorded speculative bubble.”(5)

“The price of a rare tulip bulb on the futures market in Amsterdam in January 1637 was equal to ten times the annual wage for a skilled crafts worker. A single bulb was reportedly exchanged for 1,000 pounds of cheese at the height of tulip mania. The market collapsed precipitously starting in February 1637, bottoming out in May 1637.

According to Economist Brian Dowd,

“By the height of the tulip and bulb craze in 1637, everyone.. rich and poor, aristocrats and plebes, even children had joined the party. Much of the trading was being done in bar rooms where alcohol was obviously involved…bulbs could change hands upwards of 10 times in one day. Prices skyrocketed… in 1637, increasing 1,100% in a month.”

Bitcoin, the original crypto-currency, was valued at $.08 in July 2010; $8100 on November 20, 2017, and $17,900 on Dec.15 2017. The sky is apparently the limit.

The danger, of course, is not just that at some point the bigger fools, the last purchasers of bit coin and the long term holders (“hodlers” in crypto-speak) will loose some or all of their money. That would be regrettable. But like straight forward pump and dump market manipulations of a stock, some will win while others loose.

But, as in 2007 and 2008, the creative greed behind global financialization is creating a bubble in Bitcoin and many other crypto-currencies, as investors pile into markets, just as they did in Holland in 1637. There is a real and, rapidly emerging threat that bit coin and its ilk could follow dynamics similar to mortgage back securities as the basis for highly leveraged and complex financial instruments, like credit default swaps that were traded in unlimited volumes with no limits based on the actual number of mortgages.

Cyrpto-currency has now entered the leveraged futures market. Speculators now can leverage futures purchases 15 to one. This means a 7% drop in the price of Bitcoin (a familiar phenomena) could wipe out an ‘investor’s’ capital, returning us quickly to the momentous margin calls of 2007-8. And there is no limit to the number of futures contracts.

Derivative instruments of more complexity and undefined risks are almost certain to swiftly appear as they did in 2007 when, for example, insurance giant AIG took enormous bets to earn premiums on credit default swaps on mortgage backed securities. And those securities were AAA rated. The sudden collapse of mortgage backed securities led to a liquidity crisis. The securities could not be sold for almost any price and the giant financial institutions on wrong side of the bets were suddenly bankrupt.

As Frances Coppola in Forbes points out,

“As more and more financial institutions with connections to the real economy pile into the cryptocurrency mania, the chances of a similar disastrous collapse rise ever higher, and along with it, the likelihood of Fed or even a government bailout.”

The intent of those driving the explosion of cryptocurrency prices is not a desire to use cryptocurrency as a low cost, reliable medium of exchange verified by a transparent block-chain, but as a magic carpet to wealth. If you’d bought $100 worth of bit coins in 2010, they would be worth $1.79 million as of Dec. 15. 2017. It is paradoxical that cryptocurrency, allegedly meant to free us from fiat currency, finds its liquidity and value in the all mighty dollar.

And Bitcoin is also seeing the transaction costs for Bitcoin transactions soar rising to $20 charged by block-chain “miners” whose computers verify transactions and at the same time create more blocks and produce more Bitcoins as part of the solution of the algorithm that verifies transactions. Far from being a means for very quick, cheap, anonymous financial transactions, bit coin is becoming slow and expensive to use.

By making cryptocurrency into an investment, which is part of a get rich quick scheme, as opposed to a free instrument of exchange and trade, it has become just another arrow in the quiver that’s making the rich richer and worsening the already grotesque distribution of income. Cryptocurrency speculation will make some people rich, as does day trading and house flipping, where many more will loose than win.

The Bitcoin and cryptocurrency bubble will not end well.”(6)

Cites:

(1) “What The Hell Is It?” – 74 Cryptocurrency Questions Answered

(2) Brandon Smith Warns ‘The Virtual Economy’ Is The End Of Freedom

(3) The Cashless Society Almost Here And With Some Very Sinister Implications

(4) Why the Powers That Be Are Pushing a Cashless Society

(5) Tulip Mania

Related Posts:

A Cashless Economy = Slavery

The Federal Reserve and the New World Order

Distilled Water Is The Fountain Of Youth

If you aren’t already aware of the benefits of Distilled Water then you probably decided to take a look at this because you’re curious about the claim in the title that Distilled Water is the Fountain of Youth.

You may be thinking, “Come on, it’s just water, I’ve been drinking water my whole life, yes, I know, without water death occurs in a short time, but isn’t it actually harmful to drink water that’s been distilled? Can’t you die from drinking distilled water?

Well, unfortunately these beliefs about distilled water have been drummed into us since we were young.

And, as is the case with so many of the beliefs we’ve been programed with, these beliefs are the exact opposite of reality.

“Imagine one common possible cause for nearly all diseases! Can it be that arthritis, kidney stones, gall stones, arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries), enlarged hearts, emphysema, obesity, constipation, cataracts, glaucoma, diabetes, all stem from one common cause? Unbelievable! But possibly very true!

We all use it every day-from the baby’s first cry to the old man’s last breath. Water! The one element you need the most and suspect the least. If this shocks you, do not be surprised, as millions of Americans are still unaware of this “aging process,” and indulge in it freely. Multitudes suffer from all the above diseases, and unknowingly contribute to this cause daily. Somehow the shots, pills, vitamin capsules and balanced diets add only brief spurts to well-being.

The arthritis can get a little worse, the arteries a little harder, the gall stones and kidney stones a little larger, the eyes a little dimmer, the hearing more complex, sugar starts to appear in the urine, digestion slows down, constipation calls for stronger laxatives-and waist lines get a little larger. It’s a never-ending cycle of feeling just a little worse than the day before.

Let me cheer you up. There is good news in store for you. Happy years are now ahead of you, far into your nineties or even more. Your stiff joints may begin to loosen, arteries become more elastic, blood pressures can become more normal, heart action firmer and more powerful. Your lungs can expand with fresh air, kidney and gall stones can gradually dissolve, never to appear again. That lost appetite can also reappear, and those aggravating stomach pains somehow can vanish.

Following, are a few authenticated case histories, just to prove what has already taken place in the lives of two famous individuals.

One was an individual named Dr. Brown Landone who lived to the splendid age of 98. His patient, a Captain Diamond, lived vigorously to the fantastic age of 120 years.

Dr. Landone had a heart condition at the age of 17. Today it would have meant a heart transplant or other dangerous surgery. His doctor allotted him three months to live at the most. His heart chambers and valves were coated with mineral deposits much like his mother’s teakettle. Dr. Landone was determined to live. After devising a special treatment, he returned for his second heart examination two years later. His doctor pronounced his heart perfect. All aglow with life, young Landone enrolled in a medical college and received the degree of Doctor of Neurology. He practiced this profession for 50 years, then turned his talents to writing. His average working day was from 18 to 20 hours. At the age of 98, he could have been mistaken for a man of 50!

During Dr. Landone’s years in practice, he met Captain Diamond, who was bed-ridden with arthritis and hardening of his arteries at the age of 70.

Dr. Landone suggested his treatment. Five years later he was teaching classes in physical culture. At the age of 103 he walked from Sacramento to New York. At the age of 110 he danced all night with a 16-year-old. He died at the fantastic age of 120!

The Secret of Longevity

There are at least nine different kinds of water. Some kinds can harden your arteries, form gall stones and kidney stones, bring on early senility, and all the diseases mentioned earlier. Other kinds of water work in reverse. What one type of water carries into the system, the other carries out.

Let’s classify these nine kinds of water. They are hard water, raw water, boiled water, soft water, rain water, snow water, filtered water, de-ionized water and distilled water. All are kinds of water, but remember this: only one of these nine kinds of water is good for you.

Hard Water

Hard water is water containing excessive lime salts, that is, carbonates and sulfates of calcium and magnesium. Sodium, iron, copper, silicon, nitrates, chlorides, viruses, bacteria, chemicals, and many other harmful inorganic minerals and chemicals may also be present. Most all the water we drink comes from public water systems or private wells. These are hard waters. Any water that has run through, or over, ground is hard water to some degree. The longer it filters through the soil, the harder it gets and the more harmful it may become for you.

Soft Water

Some cities take water from rivers and lakes or mountain reservoirs. They call it soft water. But soft water from such sources is soft only in comparison to water which is harder.

Each year the earth’s rivers carry to the sea five billion tons of dissolved minerals and other unnumbered millions of tons of carbon compounds and factory pollutants. “And ocean life is on the decrease,” according to Jacques Cousteau.

There are also the hard waters which are called “mineral waters.” That is, waters from certain mineral springs, well known for their medicinal effects. Practically all kinds of “bottled” water is hard water.

The reason mineral waters have this so-called medicinal effect is because the body tries to throw off the excess minerals which invade it as intruding foreign deposits. Actually, a form of dysentery exists, as the organism tries to eliminate and expel this unusual condition. To subsist on this type of water could be detrimental.

Raw Water

Raw water is water which has not been treated in any way. It may be hard or soft-as hard as lime water, or as soft as rain water. Raw water contains millions of viruses and bacteria, and is densely inhabited in every drop. Chemicals dumped into our rivers may cause cancer, according to the Environmental Protection Agency.

True, properly chlorinated water kills most germs and viruses, but it can also kill the cells in our bodies. The only safe rule to follow individually is to distill drinking water, which will eliminate both chlorine and pathogenic organisms.

Boiled Water

Boiled water is advised by some health authorities. Boiling removes none of the inorganic minerals, although it does kill the bacteria in raw water if boiled at least 20 minutes. But the dead bodies of these germs are carried into the system when the boiled water is used. Such dead materials furnish a fertilized soil for rapid and lusty propagation of germs already in the body.

By drinking boiled water one may avoid live disease germs, but still takes on bacterial soil for the growth of other bacteria.

While raw water is an aquarium filled with deadly microorganisms, boiled water is a graveyard of dead germs.

Rain Water

Rain water, which has been distilled by the heat of the sun, should contain no mineral matter and no germs. But when it falls from the clouds as rain, it falls through air filled with bacteria, dust, smoke, chemicals, mud and minerals. By the time it reaches the earth as rain water it is so saturated with decaying matter, dirt and chemicals that its color becomes a yellowish-white.

If rain water is allowed to stand it becomes filthy because of the rotting animal matter in it.

Snow

Snow water is melted snow. It, too, picks up minerals, chemicals and radioactive fallout such as Strontium 90. Snow is frozen rain. Freezing does not destroy bacteria. Snow looks white and clean but it contains as many germs, minerals and pollutants as rain water. Remember the dirt left from melting snow in the spring? How the dirt of what has melted forms on top of the snow which is not yet melted! Try melting the cleanest snow, then note the filth in the water. Each snowflake contains some form of air pollution.

Filtered Water

Filtered water is water which has passed through a very fine strainer, activated carbon or some other mechanical barrier. The use of filtered water is still rather popular. Some people think that water which has passed through a filter is purified. They believe that the filter keeps the waste substances and disease germs of the water in the filter. While it is true that chlorine, some suspended substances and many synthetic chemicals are removed in the filter by filtering, there is no filter made which can prevent bacteria or viruses from passing through its fine meshes. Each pore of the finest filter is large enough for millions of germs to pass through, even those containing silver!

Moreover, decaying matter collects on the bottom of every filter. This forms an excellent breeding ground for bacteria. After a filter has been used for a few days, the filtered water often contains more disease germs than the water which is put into the filter. Bacteria are multiplied by the millions by the collected wastes at the base of some filters, and washed through with filtered water, according to Dr. Brown Landone.

You may have heard about water filtered by reverse osmosis. In this process, water is purified by forcing a portion of the raw water through a semi-permeable membrane. Reverse osmosis removes a high percentage of the dissolved solids as well as other contaminants, and when new the result often approaches the purity of distilled water. The degree of purity in any case varies widely, depending on the types and conditions of the equipment used, much as with filter equipment, and the effectiveness lessens with use. Sometimes drastically!”(1)

Filters

“Regardless of the process or the technology behind it, the main purpose of these devices is to produce the cleanest, purest, healthiest water possible. The most commonly used method for cleaning
up tap water is the carbon block filter which removes the water’s bad taste, smell, chlorine, nitrates and many chemicals. It is, indeed, the most economical form of water treatment available; however, it comes with several serious drawbacks:
It does not remove all chemicals present.
Chemicals can build up in the filter to dangerous concentrations which end up in your body if  you    don’t change the filter regularly.
A carbon filter is a breeding ground for bacteria and germs.
The filter can develop channeling from water taking the path of least resistance. Therefore, unfiltered water can pass straight through the filter, unobstructed.”(2)

De-ionized Water

“Water processed by the de-ionized method effectively removes minerals, and compares to distilled water in this respect. However, it does become a breeding ground for bacteria, pyrogenic matter and viruses. The fault in this system lies in the resin beds which can become notorious breeding grounds. Therefore it is not wise to have this possibility exist in your drinking water.

Furthermore, deionization does not remove synthetic chemicals such as herbicides, pesticides, insecticides or industrial solvents.

Distilled Water! The Miracle Of All Water

Distilled water is water which has been turned into vapor, so that virtually all its impurities are left behind. Then, by condensing, it is turned back to “pure” water. Distillation is the single most effective method of water purification. It is God’s water for the human race.

In a manner of speaking, distillation is nature’s way. The weather of the world is created in the tropics, where half the heat reaching the earth falls on land and water masses. Here heat energy is stored within water vapor through the process of evaporation, nature’s distillery. When the jet streams return ocean water to inland areas, they do so without sea salts and minerals, all of which have been left behind.

Distilling water turns it into vapor, and then through condensation, back again into pure water. Rising vapor cannot carry minerals and other dissolved solids. It will not carry disease germs, dead or alive. The secret is that the vapor rises between all the suspended particles and chemicals in the air. When this condensation occurs as falling rain, it picks up airborne pollutants! Not so in a vented distiller where most of them are eliminated.

If pure distilled water is boiled in a teakettle, no calcium or minerals of any kind will collect to coat the inside of the kettle, even though you used the same kettle for ten years.

Distilled water then is water of the purest kind. It is odorless, colorless and tasteless.

As a solvent, it dissolves rocks and soil. It figures in the transport of nutrients into plant life.
In the human body, water fills similar functions. It regulates the temperature of the body by helping take off extra heat resulting from an intake of some 3,000 calories of food each day. Water keeps the body from burning up. It carries waste products from the body.

Distilled water acts as a solvent in the body. It dissolves food substances so they can be assimilated and taken into every cell. It dissolves inorganic mineral substances lodged in tissues of the body so that such substances can be eliminated in the process of purifying the body.

Distilled water is the greatest solvent on earth-the only one that can be taken into the body without damage to the tissues.

By its continued use, it is possible to dissolve inorganic minerals, acid crystals, and all the other waste products of the body without injuring tissues.

Inorganic Mineral Deposits Must Be Removed

For purification, distilled water is the solvent of choice. After mineral deposits are dissolved, gentle muscular exercise can force the dissolved poisons and wastes from the tissues into the blood so that blood can carry wastes to the excretory organs. Then, these organs can squeeze and pour the wastes out of the body.

Hard water then is your greatest enemy. It will destroy every fond hope you have by striking you down when you should be enjoying the fruits of your labors. Crippled joints, repeated surgeries, enlarged hearts, hardened arteries, gall stones, kidney stones, hearing problems, forgetful minds, all draw your activities from the great out-of-doors into creaking rocking chairs, and finally into bed-ridden old people’s homes.

Let’s trace the course of hard water. It begins in the clouds. As it falls it collects minerals and poisonous chemicals. It is good water, except for what it picks up as it falls. When it reaches the ground it is designed to do one thing, to pick up minerals. These inorganic minerals are wonderful, but only for plants. As the water picks up minerals, it distributes them evenly to plant life. Plants would never grow if these minerals were not supplied to their roots. Water then acts as a carrier of some minerals, namely anion nutrients. But chemicals have now polluted our pure air. To clean the air, and make it fit to breathe, nature designed water to absorb these poisons.

Most people are unaware that these collected minerals from the air and in the ground are all inorganic minerals, which cannot be assimilated by the body unless they are chelated into organic molecules. The only minerals the body can utilize are the organic minerals. All the others are foreign minerals and must be disposed of or eliminated. Herein lies the problem we have never suspected as the possible cause of nearly all our aging diseases.

Only Plants Need Inorganic Minerals

Water, as a carrier of minerals, is fine for the plant. The plant in turn converts the inorganic minerals to organic minerals. Then our bodies can assimilate them. We have worked this process in reverse. We consume hard water saturated with calcium, magnesium, iron, copper, silicon, not realizing the body is unable to assimilate these nutrients efficiently. So nature tucks them in the joints as arthritis, in the intestinal walls as constipation, and along the arteries, causing them to harden. The kidneys and liver roll up the mineral deposits into little stones until they get too large for the ducts. Sometimes the “filters” of the kidneys become so mineral clogged that kidney transplants become necessary.

Many Disease Conditions Can Result From Mineral Deposits

Calcium deposits in the heart chambers and valves become so cemented into place with mineral deposits that heart surgery becomes necessary. Calcium deposits in the inner ear cause deafness. Skilled surgeons can now remove these deposits and in many cases restore hearing again. Should these deposits occur on the nerve, then total deafness can result.

Since water is a carrier of inorganic minerals, harmful to the body functions, it is wise to remove virtually all trace minerals, chemicals and foreign particles through the process of distillation. Then, and only then, is water odorless, colorless, and tasteless and fit for consumption.

Clearing Inorganic Mineral Deposits Brings Renewed Health

Through the process of distilling, the water is separated from virtually everything it carries, and is now pure water. As it enters the body, it again picks up mineral deposits accumulated in the joints, artery walls, or wherever such deposits occur, and begins to carry them out. Gall stones and kidney stones get smaller and smaller until they can safely pass through their ducts. Little by little arthritic pains become less as joints become more supple and movable. Arteries gradually become more elastic as blood pressures tend to become more normal. Gradually the outlook on life becomes a little more youthful-ambitions begin to return, while the squeaking rocking chair will give way to an active lifestyle.

The startling fact to remember is that water attracts chiefly inorganic minerals. Organic minerals stay in the tissues, where they belong. X-rays of the arteries will never show unless there are calcium deposits along the artery walls.

So hard water carries inert minerals into the body, and distilled water carries them out-it’s just as simple as that.

There is then only one way you can purify your body and help to eliminate your chronic aging diseases and that is through the miracle of distilled water. A sludge-filled motor cannot operate smoothly unless the sludge is removed. Neither can a body be supple and ageless unless the joints, arteries, cells and nerve tracts are free of mineral deposits!

The Appalling Truth

The average person drinks about a gallon of water per day. Adding up the cups of coffee, tea, soft drinks, food and water, this gallon isn’t too much. Many men drink much more. At a gallon a day, the average person drinks up to 450 glasses of solids during a life span. These same solids are found in your humidifier, and in grandmother’s teakettle. Think of it-450 glasses of mineral solids in your system during a lifetime.

What does the body do with these foreign materials? Nature does the very same thing you are now thinking. It tries to eliminate them. Do you recall the water spots on your windows from your water sprinkler? Ever try to remove them? It takes lots of vinegar and lots of rubbing to dissolve the deposits.

This same reaction takes place in our bodies. It begins by putting a thin film along our intestinal walls. As soon as one film is laid, it attracts another film much easier, until it begins to build up and one of the first results is constipation, a plague to millions of people. Other deposits occur where blood flows the slowest, such as in the joints as arthritis and gout, along the arteries as hardening, in the veins as varicose, in the lungs as emphysema. It often coats the crystalline lens of the eyes with a fine film possibly resulting in cataracts. Glaucoma, the dreaded eye disease, can be another result of hard water. The tiny vessels film up with mineral deposits, which result in a build-up of pressure in the eye. There has never been a known cause for glaucoma. It might be the mineral deposits.

Heart Attacks Unknown

Bantu African tribesmen were known to have the cleanest arteries, as well as the most elastic ones. They dug no wells, but catch rain water. Although this water is contaminated with bacteria, it is still almost free of minerals. The air and water pollution, such as we have in major cities, have not yet affected them as much. This is a tremendous testimony for mineral-free water.

Even the Europeans have far less cholesterol in their arteries than we do. They of course drink more wine than we do. Wine is comprised of distilled water. All water that passes through the roots of plants, converts the inorganic minerals to organic minerals, and distills the water at the same time. When juices contain minerals, they contain them as complexed organic molecules.

The truth of drinking distilled water is not new. It is just that the public has never caught on. Today, many progressive doctors prescribe distilled water for their patients. All the kidney machines operate on the purest distilled water.

Not only should we be concerned about the minerals in our water, but we must also add the deadly nitrates and anthracenes, as well as pesticides and herbicides, along with thousands of other chemicals, which are seeping into our lakes, rivers and wells and are contained in municipal water sources. The sewer wastes, and factory pollution, detergents included, can travel upstream underground at the rate of a half mile every six months.

Officials inspect and test city water periodically, but water is never the same at all times, and neither are wells in the same locations. Water can vary every day. Sometimes chemicals in water can become excessive; at other times negligible; but at all times the minerals will be there. What is necessary for health is a mineral free and chemical-free water. This is the only kind of water our bodies demand. Only through the process of distillation can we achieve this purity.”(1)

Distilled Water Helps Burn Fat

“Distilled water not only helps to metabolize the fat stored in the body, it also will help to suppress your appetite better than any diet pill on the market today. Pure, clean water not only aids in weight loss, it also helps prevent your body from gaining weight.

When your body is dehydrated and not receiving adequate quantities of water for normal bodily functions, the body will start storing water as a protective measure, and it does so in the fat cells. When the body is starved of water, instead of metabolizing fat with the help of water, it will
start storing water and fat.

Our kidneys cannot function adequately without the proper quantity of water; consequently a portion of their load is transferred to the liver. Metabolizing stored fat and converting it into energy is the primary function of our liver. As a result, the overloaded liver cannot function properly or at full capacity by metabolizing fat; and the fat that is not used as energy is stored in the body.

If you are not supplying your body with an adequate quantity of water, it will perceive this as a threat to the body’s survival. It begins storing water in the fat cells, causing the ankles, feet, legs and hands to swell and puff up. You can actually press against the swollen area with a finger and leave a
temporary indentation. In this process the body will begin storing as much water as it is supplied, and unfortunately the water the body is storing is not being used.

Therefore the organs may start pulling water from less critical bodily functions, which can result in many serious conditions such as:

1. Heat stroke
2. extremely dry mouth and nose
3. extremely dry skin, no elasticity
4. extreme thirst & no sweat no
5. urination or dark yellow urine
6. accelerated heartbeat sunken eyes
7. accelerated breathing
8. no tears when crying fever & possible delirium or even
unconsciousness.

The only way to rid the body of these symptoms is to drink plenty of water. The body will stop storing water and begin supplying it with much needed hydration. Then the stored water will be released. If you feel you are drinking an adequate amount of water and yet seem to be retaining it due
to swollen feet, ankles, legs, arms or hands, this may be the result of ingesting too much salt.

Your system will attempt to dilute excess quantities of salt which results in swollen tissues. To solve this issue, simply drink plenty of water, preferably distilled or reverse osmosis.

The larger a person is, the more water they require for their metabolic processes. So an overweight person obviously would need to drink larger quantities of water for their metabolism than would a thinner person. If you seem to have frequent muscle cramps, it is a sign that your muscles are
not receiving enough water to stay elastic and maintain proper muscle tone.

Ridding the Body of Waste

Another major function of water is to help rid the body of waste material. As the body starts shedding fat cells after receiving an adequate supply of water, these metabolized fat cells along with residual waste material must be eliminated. It is therefore important that the body received plenty of
water in order to help flush the waste material from the body.

Move Waste Material through the Colon

To move waste material through the colon, it needs a continual supply of water for this process, and if that does not happen you will become constipated. If you are not drinking enough water, the colon is one of the first organs to be deprived of its share. When this happens, you simply
need to drink more water, not take medication.

How Much Water Should Be Consumed Daily

The average person should be drinking 3 to 4 quarts (a bit less than 3 to 4 Liters) of water daily to adequately supply all of the body’s needs and to flush waste and toxins from the colon, kidneys and bladder. The best way to accomplish this is to have a bottle of water close by throughout the day and drink a little bit often. This will assure that you will not only stay hydrated, the water in your stomach will help suppress hunger.

When the Body Is Properly Hydrated

When the body is properly hydrated, every organ will function properly. You will also prevent water retention and any stored water will be released. The liver will properly metabolize stored fat and this fat will be used as fuel and burned up. Then you will again have normal thirst and normal hunger.”(2)

Doctors and Experts With the Courage to Tell the Truth About Distilled Water

GARY NULL:

“You should DRINK AT LEAST ONE GALLON of purified water a day. Most of us drink only at mealtime and when we’re noticeably thirsty. Wrong. You can develop a habit of NOT drinking water and walk around being 66 or 67 percent water, instead of 74 percent, which is what your body needs.

When you don’t have the water in you, you won’t ever have the energy you need. The very first thing I do to get people’s energy up is to increase the amount of water in their diet. Immediately, their energy goes up.

When someone has dementia, the first thing I do is give them lots of cold water all day, every day. About three weeks later, I start to see their dementia dissipate because they have rehydrated their brains. Unfortunately, your brain actually shrinks as you dehydrate. By DRINKING LOTS OF PURE WATER, you get better neuron activity and better cellular chemistry, and you’re able to detoxify the cells with water.

Water has to be pure, free from fluoride, chlorine, and chemicals, which is why I recommend distilled water. To achieve optimum health, I recommend that you DRINK A HALF GALLON TO ONE FULL GALLON PER DAY.”

— Dr. Gary Null, Ph.D., from, “Gary Null’s Ultimate Anti-Aging Program,”  Kensington Publishing Corp., 1999, Based on the PBS Documentary, “How to Live Forever”

C.W. DELACY EVANS:

“USED AS A DRINK, DISTILLED WATER IS ABSORBED DIRECTLY into the blood, the solvent properties of which it increases to such an extent that it will KEEP IN SOLUTION salts already existing in the blood, prevent their undue deposit in various organs and structures, favor their elimination by the various excreta, and tend to remove these earthy compounds which have already accumulated in the body.

There is no doubt as to THE HIGH VALUE OF DISTILLED WATER USED FREELY as a retarder of the ossifying conditions which appear to constitute the condition of old age.”

— Dr. C.W. DeLacy Evans, M.D., from How To Prolong Life

BERNARR MACFADDEN:

” …it is important that we GIVE TO THE BODY A SUFFICIENT QUANTITY OF PURE WATER in order that the blood may be kept in its normal fluid condition, and the disease-producing effete matter eliminated.

THERE IS NO CLEANSING AGENT AS IMPORTANT AS WATER, not only for the exterior of the body, but for the interior from the crown of the head to the soles of the feet. It is a simple matter to drink a glass of water, yet the results of the act are marvelous. A very small portion of it enters the intestines, but by far the larger quantity is absorbed into the blood and enters immediately into the circulation of this life-giving fluid.”

“ONE IS ALMOST DRIVEN, if he be particular as to his water supply, TO THE USE OF DISTILLED WATER.”

— Bernarr Macfadden, from Macfadden’s Encyclopedia of Physical Culture, 1911.

ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL:

“I thought if I DRANK PLENTY OF IT, I might get rid of some of the salts that were covering my sciatic nerves. I tried drinking it, and it worked like a charm. Within a short time my sciatica left me and I have been free of rheumatism from that day to this. I have KEPT UP MY DRINKING OF DISTILLED WATER and I attribute my almost perfect health largely to it.”

— Dr. Alexander Graham Bell, Inventor of the Telephone

BRIAN CLEMENT:

“Distilled Water is a pure water. A lot of people have been mislead into believing that it robs minerals out of the body. Well, in my life, I’ve been DRINKING DISTILLED WATER FOR 35 YEARS. University of California Los Angeles, several years ago, told me I had the bone density of a 22 year old athlete. So, if in fact Distilled Water robbed the body of minerals, I would probably be crippled by now”

—Dr. Brian Clement, from the video, “Why Choose Distilled Water?”

ALLEN E. BANIK:

“What we as scientists and the public have never realized is that minerals collected in the body from water are all inorganic minerals, which cannot be assimilated (digested) by the body. The only minerals that the body can utilize are the organic minerals (from fruits and vegetables). All other types of minerals are foreign substances to the body and must be disposed of or eliminated.”

“Distilled water then is water of the purest kind.  It is odorless, colorless and tasteless.  The divine purpose of water is to act as a solvent.  In nature, water in evaporation is so fine that your eye cannot perceive it as it is drawn up into the clouds.  Then it falls as rain, keeping the earth from being parched and burned.  As a solvent, it dissolves rocks and soil.  It figures in the transport of nutrients into plant life.

In the human body, water fills similar functions.  …Distilled water acts as a solvent in the body.  It dissolves food substances so they can be assimilated and taken into every cell.  It dissolves inorganic mineral substances lodged in tissues of the body so that such substances can be eliminated in the process of purifying the body.  Distilled water is the greatest solvent on earth —the only one that can be taken into the body without damage to the tissues.”

“THE AVERAGE PERSON DRINKS ABOUT A GALLON OF WATER PER DAY.  …THIS GALLON ISN’T TOO MUCH.  MANY MEN DRINK MUCH MORE.”

“Today, many progressive doctors prescribe distilled water to their patients.”

— Allen E. Banik, M.D. excerpts from, “The Choice is Clear”

DOUGLAS HOOVER:

“I personally have been DRINKING A GALLON OF DISTILLED WATER PER DAY for over 40 years. I fast all food for a minimum of 21 days annually. Over the years I have done three 40-day fasts on just distilled water. I fasted a year ago for 60 days: 40 days, then a break of 6 days eating only vegetables, and then continued another 20 days (for a total of 60 out of 66 days). No “early death” here, just perfect health and longevity.

I guess a man with an experience is not at the mercy of a man with an argument. Change your water and change your health. Drink distilled water purified nature’s way: evaporation and condensation.”

— Douglas Hoover, author of “Distilled Water and Health,”  Founder of Aquamedia Research Group, DistilledWaterAuthourity.com and DistillationStation.com

RICHARD SCHULZE:

“Only distilled water, the emptiest water is allowed. Distilled water is so empty, it is like a vacuum, it is the universal solvent especially for unwanted mineral deposits. Just by DRINKING DISTILLED WATER ON A REGULAR BASIS you dissolve stones, and prevent new ones from forming…”

— Dr. Richard Schulze, N.D., M.H.  from his “Kidney Stone Dissolving Routine”

SANFORD BENNET:

“It is Mr. Bennet’s theory that old age and ill health are caused by the collection in the arteries and about the joints of lime and clay sediments contained in drinking water. This mineral coating, he believes, interrupts the proper circulation of the blood, prevents the necessary irrigation of the skin, produces stiffness of the joints and dulls the action of the brain.”

“Distilled water and olive oil, one used internally, the other used externally, are my elixirs of youth,” declared Mr. Bennett. “They will counteract the decaying conditions in the body. You must DRINK LARGE QUANTITIES OF DISTILLED WATER, rub yourself with pure California olive oil, and take a moderate exercise. That is the secret which my friends have so long wished to learn.”

“Why, ten years ago I could not read without glasses. Today, I can read the smallest print without artificial aid of any kind.”

— Mr. Sanford Bennet, excerpted from The San Francisco Call, September 24, 1900

HOMER WAKEFIELD:

” …WATER, FREE FROM IMPURITIES.  Any amount of it may be taken into the system without fear of detrimental results.  Physicians know it is the best solvent of inorganic concretions in the body, …there is NOTHING MORE WHOLESOME THAN PURE DISTILLED WATER, tightly corked in clean bottles, protected from contaminations of even impure air.  PURE WATER, WELL CORKED, NEVER GETS STALE.”

— Dr. Homer Wakefield, M.D., of Bloomington, Ill., from the article, “Pure Water Not a Poison” in The National Druggist, Volumes 29-30, 1899

BODY BUILDING LEGEND KELLIE EVERTS:

“I OFTEN USE my water distiller – absolutely pure DISTILLED WATER IS THE BEST THING YOU CAN DRINK. I also employ juicing – all the roots as well – and use the blender. In the blender I cut up oranges and grapefruits into small pieces, add water, and blend until liquid. The white parts of these fruits contain valuable bioflavonoids.”

—Kellie Everts, from “Campaign for Women’s Bodybuilding: Interview with the True Champion of Women’s Bodybuilding”

CLIFFORD C. DENNISON:

“…there are hundreds of case histories of people who have enjoyed success in alleviating or overcoming these health problems (arthritis, heart disease, high blood pressure, hardening of the arteries, kidney stones, gall stones, cataracts and emphysema) when they BEGAN DRINKING DISTILLED WATER EXCLUSIVELY.”

—Dr. Clifford C. Dennison, Ed. D., an Associate Professor at Lee College in Cleveland, Tennessee, and a lifelong water researcher

CHESTER HANDLEY:

“I cannot emphasize enough THE IMPORTANCE OF DRINKING DISTILLED WATER FOR CLEANSING the blood stream, for reducing arthritic pain and lowering blood pressure. It has also been known to reduce cholesterol and triglycerides. In fact, the only effect on the body is health.

There are rules of thumb on how much water to drink. The rule of thumb on a normal day is one half your body weight in ounces per day. If you are sweating and exerting yourself you should drink more, not less. We have a tendency to grab pop, coffee, Kool-Aid and juices, but we need to GET BACK TO THE HABIT OF GRABBING DISTILLED WATER.

To give you an example of what this means, if you are a man and you weigh 200 pounds, you should be drinking a minimum of 100 ounces of distilled water throughout the day. There is an interesting side note for people that like to study. Job, which is the oldest book of the bible, I believe it is in the 36th chapter, said God took up the water, distilled it, and poured it out abundantly on man. The logical argument is who knows better what we need than the creator, and he gave us distilled water.”

— Dr. Chester Handley, D.C., M.D., from his article, “The Importance of Distilled Water in Aging”

OTOMAN HANISH:

“Often times the blood becomes tainted and needs to be purified. There is only one way of washing the blood and that is by means of dead water, undiluted water, distilled water which contains no life organism, chemicals or similar substances. It has to be dead water, i.e. water condensed from steam.

Distilled water, by virtue of its weight: effects a one pound pressure upon the minerals and acids which clog the bloodstream; it presses them right through the system. Even in a short time it eliminates appreciable quantities of impurities from the blood.

There is no hard and fast rule as to how to take The Cure; it may be taken quickly or slowly, hot or cold. It is left entirely to the individual to decide according to temperament and physical condition.

THE MAIN THING IS TO OBTAIN THE NECESSARY PRESSURE and to ensure that two cups are always taken at one time – A TOTAL OF SEVEN PINTS PER DAY. This is quite easy of accomplishment if the quantity is systematically regulated as follows:

  1. On awakening take two cups.
  2. Another two cups shortly before breakfast.
  3. Two cups in the middle of the morning.
  4. Two more 20 to 30 minutes before the mid-day meal.
  5. Two cups in the middle of the afternoon.
  6. Another two cups 20 to 30 minutes before dinner.
  7. The last two cups in the evening shortly before retiring.

If desired, TWO MORE PORTIONS MAY BE TAKEN one, two hours after lunch, and the other two hours after dinner. As regards to eating and drinking, it is a matter of individual choice. NOTHING IS FORBIDDEN AND THERE IS NO NEED FOR FASTING NOR PRIVATION. One may eat and drink according to individual needs. One eats only moderately after having taken two cups of distilled water. THE PRINCIPLE OF ‘THE CURE’ MUST BE MAINTAINED, I.E., SEVEN TIMES PER DAY, TWO CUPS OF WATER AT ONE TIME making sure to take two cups shortly before each meal.”

— Dr. Otoman Hanish, M.D., D.D., from “The Distilled Water Cure”

ANN AND PAUL MALKMUS:

“We CONSUME A SUBSTANTIAL AMOUNT OF DISTILLED WATER.  Not only just from the glass to drink, but believe it or not, ALL OF OUR FRUITS AND VEGETABLES HAVE DISTILLED WATER in them, so when we consume those, WE CONSUME DISTILLED WATER IN THEM.”

“The plant juices really are the purest water, because the roots act as a filtering system, and so it filters out the impurity, it converts the minerals that are in the ground that are difficult for the body to assimilate, into a mineral that the body can assimilate easily.”

— Ann and Paul Malkmus/Hallelujah Acres, Purified vs Distilled Water Q&A — http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=92sEaQofZYU

NORMAN W. WALKER:

“People who say that Distilled Water leaches minerals out of the body are, therefore, correct only in this respect. This is only 50% of the truth. It is virtually impossible for Distilled Water to separate minerals, which have become an integral part of the cells and tissues of the body. Distilled water collects ONLY the minerals which remain in the body, minerals discarded from natural water AND from the cells, the minerals which the natural water originally collected from its contact with the earth and the rocks. Such minerals, having been rejected by the cells of the body are of no constructive value. On the contrary, they are debris which distilled water is capable of picking up and eliminating from the system.”

“How much juice can be taken safely? Just as much as one can drink comfortably without forcing oneself. As a general rule, one pint daily is the least that will show any perceptible results, and PREFERABLY FROM TWO TO EIGHT PINTS OR MORE.  We must bear in mind that the more juice we drink the quicker the results.”

—Dr. Norman W. Walker, from his books, “Water Can Undermine Your Health” and “Fresh Vegetable and Fruit Juices” respectively.

OLIN IDOL:

“The DISTILLED WATER helps clean the inorganic minerals from our body that have accumulated over the years.  It helps transport the toxins out of our body.  And we need an ABUNDANCE of this water, initially, as we are trying to help the body FLUSH these toxins out so that we do not have to deal with a lot of symptoms of detoxification from cleansing.”

— Dr. Olin Idol, N.D., C.N.C., from, “Distilled Water” — http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qrugJVm1bMQ

MAX GERSON:

“The Gerson household kitchen supplies: …WATER DISTILLER”

“Gerson PATIENTS NEED PURE WATER, …Most cities have bottled water businesses that DELIVER PURIFIED AND DISTILLED WATER TO HOMES.”

“If your municipal water supply is fluoridated, it is imperative that you USE DISTILLED WATER FOR ALL PATIENT INTAKE”

— Dr. Max Gerson, M.D., from, Gerson Therapy Handbook

CHERYL R. SCOTT:

“I just completed A 40 DAY DISTILLED WATERS FAST TO HEAL MYSELF from significant degeneration of my knees secondary to osteoarthritis. My fast was fairly simple and straight forward. My goal was to fast on 1 GALLON TO 1.5 GALLONS OF DISTILLED WATER EACH DAY. I would ‘pound a pound’ (drink a pint quickly) at least every 1-2 hours. I was able to obtain a 6 week medical leave of absence and on day one of my medical leave I began fasting on 1.5 GALLONS OF DISTILLED WATER. I am ecstatic with the results. I lost 35 pounds which was very important for my knees. My objective was to remove inorganic mineral deposits throughout my body (like years and years of arterial plaque build-up), however I PRIMARILY DESIRED TO REMOVE ALL THE MINERAL DEPOSITS IN ALL OF MY JOINTS which are greatly impacted by osteoarthritis. 7 weeks ago, I had to order a seated walker to use at work in my role as a nurse consultant. Now that I have finished my 40 day Distilled Waters fast, I can walk and stand for hours with minimal pain.

I had my CHEM PANELS AND LIPID PANELS DRAWN at 21 days and 40 days into my Distilled Water fast and MY MAGNESIUM/PHOSPHOROUS AND CALCIUM LEVELS WERE ALWAYS PERFECTLY NORMAL. This proved to me that DRINKING DISTILLED WATER DOES NOT LEACH ORGANIC MINERALS from our tissues. And MY LDL AND TRIGLYCERIDE LEVELS ARE THE BEST THEY HAVE EVER BEEN.

I return to work in 3 days feeling much better and able to do my work without the need for a walker. This 50 something RN is very grateful for Distilled Waters Therapies! Namaste!”

— Dr. Cheryl R. Scott, RN, PhD, IBCLC

J. H. TILDEN:

“By using succulent fruits and vegetables in scurvy, or acidosis, MUCH DISTILLED WATER IS FURNISHED THE BODY WITH WHICH TO FLUSH OUT THE ACCUMULATED PUTRESCENCE. Fruit and vegetables contain over ninety per cent water.”

— Dr. J. H. Tilden, M.D., from IMPAIRED HEALTH, ITS CAUSE AND CURE: A Repudiation of the Conventional Treatment of Disease, 1921

CHARLES MAYO:

“WATER HARDNESS (INORGANIC MINERALS IN SOLUTION) is the underlying cause of many, if not all, of the diseases resulting from poisons in the intestinal tract. These (hard minerals) pass from the intestinal walls and get into the lymphatic system, which delivers all of its products to the blood, which in turn, distributes to all parts of the body. THIS IS THE CAUSE OF MUCH HUMAN DISEASE.”

“Water Hardness is inorganic minerals in solution(in water). When these minerals enter the intestines in drinking water, there is an immediate reaction between them and the fats, oils and fatty acids present, causing precipitation of inorganic calcium, magnesium, iron and so on – to form new, insoluble compounds.”

—Dr. Charles Mayo of the Mayo Clinic

JOHN HARVEY KELLOGG:

” …from Dr. J. H. Kellogg, the physician-in-Chief of the Battle Creek Sanitarium, …in Good Health Magazine for June, 1899, SAYS OF DISTILLED WATER:

“It is FREE FROM GERMS, FREE FROM INJURIOUS SALTS, FROM LIME and other substances with which they are found in combination, if not always of the same uniform quality.”

—from “Distilled Water and Longevity” by Elmer Ellsworth Carey, Chicago, in Suggestion magazine, Volume 10, January 1, 1903

“Still another use for water is TO DISSOLVE AND WASH OUT of our bodies, through the sweat of the skin, and in other ways, THE WASTE AND WORN-OUT PARTICLES which are no longer of any use.”

“Most waters have more or less substances dissolved in them. Water which has much lime in it is called hard water.  Such water is not so good to drink, or for use in cooking, as soft water.  THAT WATER IS BEST WHICH HOLDS NO SUBSTANCES IN SOLUTION.”

“THE PUREST WATER IS THE BEST.  Impure water causes sickness.”

— Dr. John Harvey Kellogg, from, Dr. John Harvey Kellogg’s Child’s Guide to Health and Hygiene

BROWN LANDONE:

“ANYONE DRINKING DISTILLED WATER EXCLUSIVELY WOULD EVENTUALLY RETURN TO NORMAL WEIGHT. The reason, hard water film imprisons the cells so tissues become water-logged. Retention of fluid is the chief cause of obesity. Distilled water again breaks the cell barrier and the body weight returns to normal. Weight watchers will lose weight, regardless of present diet if they include 4-6 glasses of distilled water each day taken a half hour before each meal”

— Dr. Brown Landone, neurologist, http://www.viafosa.com/doctors-opinion-distilled-water-health-benefits.html

RAYMOND H. BISHOP, JR:

“DISTILLED WATER IS SAFE TO DRINK and should have no adverse effects on your health. Distillation merely REMOVES MOST OF THE DISSOLVED MATERIALS, WHICH ARE FOUND IN ALL NATURAL WATERS.”

—Raymond H. Bishop, Jr. M.D. Major General, Commander – Medical Corps. Department of the Army, U.S. Army Health Services Command

R.N. TOOKER:

“DISTILLED WATER IS THE ACME OF PURITY. Nothing can be purer than that which is absolutely pure. For medicinal purposes, the highest authorities are agreed that PURE WATER IS PREFERABLE TO THE SO-CALLED MEDICINAL SPRING WATERS. The latter all contain more or less impurities in the form of earthy salts or organic matter, which is not the case with distilled water. For flushing the kidneys, stimulating the sluggish liver, eliminating waste matter from the system; indeed for all affections in which medical waters are believed to be efficacious, PURE DISTILLED WATER FURNISHES THE LONG SOUGHT DESIDERATUM.”

— Dr. R. N. Tooker, Chicago, from “Distilled Water and Longevity” by Elmer Ellsworth Carey, Chicago, in Suggestion magazine, Volume 10, January 1, 1903

ELDON C. MUEHLING:

“LIQUID WATER IS THE BEST KNOWN SOLVENT IN EXISTENCE. In fact, it is commonly referred to as the universal solvent. This means it can dissolve more of the greatest number of substances than any other liquid.”

“WATER MOLECULES, in contact with foreign substances, have been compared to cowboys cutting cattle from a herd — they FORCE THEIR WAY BETWEEN CLUSTERS OF PARTICLES, BREAK THEM APART AND HOLD THEM AT BAY.”

“MERELY FILTERING THE WATER IS LIKE USING A BAND-AID. DISTILLATION, ON THE OTHER HAND, IS MORE LIKE DOING SURGERY ON THE WATER.”

— Eldon C. Muehling, excerpts from “Pure Water Now: It’s Time for Action”

PAUL CONN:

“When one drinks impure, dirty water, the body acts as a filter, trapping a percentage of the solids suspended in the water. A filter eventually becomes clogged and useless – fit only to be thrown away. The human body might well face the same fate.

But the basic point – that ONLY DISTILLED WATER AVOIDS MINERAL BUILDUPS IN THE BODY – is an inarguable one. The deposits, which build up in a teakettle from repeated use, are traces of minerals left behind as the water evaporates. DISTILLED WATER LEAVES NO SUCH TRACES – in a teakettle or in the human body. It is true that in most hospitals distilled water is used for newborn infants; distilled water is prescribed for heart patients in many cardiac wards. And it is true that kidney stones and other mineral-like buildups in the body are much more common in the areas where the drinking water has high levels in inorganic minerals – and distilled water has none of those at all.

IT IS WITHOUT DOUBT THE BEST WATER AVAILABLE TO MAN – and the only truly pure water available in our waste-laden society.”

—Dr. Paul Conn, from “Not A Drop To Drink”

DAVID WILLIAMSON:

“DISTILLATION IS EFFECTIVE BECAUSE IT REMOVES THE WATER FROM THE CONTAMINANTS, RATHER THAN TRYING TO REMOVE THE CONTAMINANTS FROM THE WATER. Distillers have several major advantages over other purification systems. A good distillation system pretty much eliminates the need to ever have your water tested. It’s the only purification system I know that removes every kind of bacteria, virus, parasite, and pathogen, as well as pesticides, herbicides, organic and inorganic chemicals, heavy metals (dissolved or otherwise), AND EVEN RADIOACTIVE CONTAMINANTS.”

— Dr. David Williamson, D.C., from “Why You Should Drink Distilled Water”

HAROLD D. FOSTER:

“Interestingly, studies examining the role that cholesterol may play in plaque formation have shown that the 42-amino acid form of beta- amyloid builds up more easily in the brains of rabbits given tap water than it does if these animals drink distilled water.

OBVIOUSLY, THIS SUGGESTS A WATER QUALITY ROLE IN ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE.”

— Dr. Harold D. Foster, from “What Really Causes Alzheimer’s Disease”

RUSSELL T. TRALL:

“And the ‘Matchless Sanative’ –who has not known of its marvelous cures? Twenty-five or thirty years ago it was all the rage in some places. I have seen many chronic invalids who had worn out half a dozen regular physicians, and swallowed the whole round of patent nostrums; but nothing ever did them so much good as the ‘Matchless Sanative.’ Well, IT WAS A MATCHLESS MEDICINE. It was the very best remedy, as a universal panacea, ever sold to an afflicted mortal at an extravagant price, for IT WAS PURE WATER, AND NOTHING ELSE”

— Dr. Russell T. Trall, M.D., from, “THE TRUE HEALING ART: Or, HYGIENIC vs. DRUG MEDICATION,” An Address Delivered at the Smithsonian Institute, Washington, D.C., 1862

JOHN R. CHRISTOPHER:

“Water is so valuable to the entire system of the human body that it is wise to use only the best. USE PURE STEAM DISTILLED WATER FOR HEALTH AND WELL BEING.”

—Dr. John R. Christopher, from “Regenerative Diet”

PETER A. LODEWICK:

“THE ONLY TYPE OF WATER THAT SEEMS TO BE FIT FOR CONSUMPTION IS DISTILLED WATER, which is water that is absolutely free of any minerals or chemicals. Distilled water is made pure by first being heated to the point of vaporization, so that all of the ‘impurities’ are left behind. Then, the water vapor is condensed. The process results in water that is in its purest form. DISTILLATION IS THE SINGLE MOST EFFECTIVE METHOD OF WATER PURIFICATION.”

—Peter A. Lodewick, M.D., from ‘A Diabetic Doctor Looks at Diabetes’

JOHN YIAMOYUIANNIS:

“THE HOME DISTILLER IS THE BEST METHOD and also the best way to get distilled water. IT IS THE ONLY RELIABLE HOME WATER PURIFICATION FOR TAKING FLUORIDE OUT OF THE WATER.”

— John Yiamoyuiannis, Ph.D., from ‘Fluoride: The Aging Factor’

ROBERT D. WILLIX JR:

“If you decide on bottled water, make sure it’s distilled, (however), in the long run you’ll save money if you clean your water at home. It’s more convenient than hauling gallon jugs from the store. THE ‘GOLD STANDARD’ FOR PURIFYING WATER IS A SYSTEM THAT DISTILLS YOUR WATER and filters it. You have the comfort of knowing there is no chlorine, fluoride, bacteria, viruses, pesticides, or lead. YOU GET NOTHING BUT H2O.”

—Robert D. Willix, Jr., M.D. from ‘Maximum Health’

VAN DEN BURG:

“PURE WATER, WITH AS LITTLE SOLID MATTER AS POSSIBLE, and water that is especially free from lime salts, IS ABOUT THE ONLY DRINK THAT CAN BE SAID TO BE GOOD FOR RHEUMATISM”

— Dr. Van Den Burg, of New York, from, ‘Hygiene’ in Suggestion magazine, Volume 10, January 1, 1903

ANDREW WEIL:

“You can try drinking bottled distilled water if you like. It’s water that has been turned into steam so its impurities are left behind. The steam is then condensed to make pure water. The process of distillation kills and removes virtually all bacteria, viruses, heavy metals, and other organic and inorganic contaminants. Once distilled, the water is as pure as water can reasonably be.”

“As far as acidity goes, distilled water is close to a neutral pH and has no effect on the body’s acid/base balance. Distilled water is safe to drink, and the kind of water I use myself.”

— Dr. Andrew Weil, M.D., http://www.drweil.com/drw/u/ART00581/water-an-essential-part-of-life.html?print=1

EDWARD M. WAGNER:

“Chronic Fatigue Syndrome sufferers are instructed to DRINK DISTILLED WATER.”

—Dr. Edward M. Wagner, from “How to Stay Out of the Doctor’s Office”

ROBERT W. FLINCHBAUGHT:

“The evidence that DISTILLED WATER ACTS AS A SOLVENT within the body, dissolving the inorganic mineral deposits, is very important. A growing body of evidence suggests that distilled water dissolves AND REMOVES THESE DISEASE-CAUSING MINERALS AND FLUSHES OUT THE HUNDREDS OF DANGEROUS CHEMICALS that have been taken into the body as well. Distilled water is not only free from pollutants, but it apparently helps remove them as well from the cells of the body, thus PURIFYING THE BODY SO THAT IT CAN FUNCTION AS IT SHOULD.”

—Dr. Robert W. Flinchbaught, from “Pure Water is Life”

VICKI GLASSBURN:

“DISTILLED WATER IS THE PUREST FORM AVAILABLE.  DISTILLED WATER HELPS TO EXCRETE EXCESSIVE HEAVY METALS FROM THE BODY.”

—Vicki Glassburn, from “Who Killed Candida?”

CHARLES MCFERRIN:

“DISTILLED WATER IS ‘empty’ water – a hungry water, A WATER CAPABLE OF ABSORBING BODY POISONS. You have had the experience of trying to use an old post office blotter on the desk. Everybody had used it and it is so full of ink that it will not suck up any more. So it is with a ‘full’ water, a water full of chlorine, aluminum, etc. Such water does not have the capacity of absorbing body impurities.”

—Dr. Charles McFerrin, writing in the July 1955 issue of Nature’s Path

WILLIAM LAMBE:

“The late Dr. Lambe, of London, was so thoroughly convinced of the IMPORTANCE OF THE PUREST WATER in the treatment of Cancers, Scrofula, and Cachexias generally, that HE RESTRICTED HIS PATIENTS TO THE USE OF DISTILLED WATER.  And his success was remarkable.”

—from Herald of Health, Volume 2, in the article, “The Hygiean Home” by  Russell T. Trall, M.D.

TEOFILIO DE LA TORRE:

“Instead of drinking the hard water of springs or the chlorinated water of the cities, it will be TO OUR ADVANTAGE TO DRINK DISTILLED WATER …to prevent calcification of the body.”

— Dr. Teofilio de la Torre

JAMES BALCH:

“THERE IS ONLY ONE WATER, AND THAT IS CLEAN, STEAM DISTILLED WATER. No other substance on our planet does so much to keep us healthy and get us well as water does.”

— Dr. James Balch, M.D., from Dietary Wellness

NATIONAL CANCER INSTITUTE:

“Distilled Water: AN ULTRA-PURE FORM OF WATER with potential antineoplastic activity. Derived by boiling impure water and condensing the resultant steam in a sterile container, DISTILLED WATER HAS BEEN SHOWN TO KILL BLADDER CANCER CELLS in vitro through osmotic lysis (cytolysis).”

— National Cancer Institute, http://www.cancer.gov/drugdictionary?cdrid=632847

PAUL BRAGG:

“The greatest damage done by inorganic minerals (hard)—plus waxy cholesterol and salt—is to the small arteries and other blood vessels of the brain (75% water). Hardening of the arteries and calcification of blood vessels starts on the day you start taking inorganic chemicals (and minerals from tap water) into our bodies.”

“WHEN DISTILLED WATER ENTERS THE BODY, IT LEAVES NO RESIDUE OF ANY KIND. It is free of salts and sodium. It is the most perfect water for the healthy functioning of the kidneys(83% water). It is the perfect liquid for the blood(83% water), the ideal liquid for the efficient functioning of the lungs(86% water), stomach, liver(85% water) and other vital organs. Why? Because it is free of all inorganic minerals. IT IS SO PURE THAT ALL LIQUID DRUG PRESCRIPTIONS ARE FORMULATED WITH DISTILLED WATER.”

— Dr. Paul Bragg, N.D. Ph.T., from “The Shocking Truth About Water”

J.G. WEBSTER:

“Common water can be RENDERED PERFECTLY PURE BY DISTILLATION”

“It is not possible in the very nature of things —in the organization of our bodies and in its relations to external objects— to improve upon pure water, neither as a circulating fluid conveying nourishment to the tissues of our bodies, nor as a quencher of thirst.”

“PURE WATER CIRCULATES THROUGH THE MOST DELICATE TISSUES, WITHOUT THE LEAST PERCEPTIBLE FRICTION OR IRRITATION, without the least perceptible disturbance to the senses, except by its temperature, as it may be warmer or cooler than the tissues; and when applied to an abraded surface, it falls on it AS HARMLESSLY AND BLANDLY AS FALLS THE SNOWFLAKE ON THE RIVER.”

— Dr. J. G. Webster, M.D., from “THE TWO SYSTEMS” an article in The Herald of Health, Vol. 2 – No. 5, New York, November, 1863

WAYNE PICKERING:

“DISTILLED WATER ACTS AS A SOLVENT IN THE BODY. It dissolves food substances so they can be assimilated and taken into every cell. IT DISSOLVES INORGANIC MINERAL SUBSTANCE, ACID CRYSTALS AND ALL OTHER WASTE PRODUCTS SO THAT THESE CAN BE ELIMINATED IN THE PROCESS OF PURIFYING THE BODY.”

“Distilled water has the inherent characteristics of a magnet, which picks discarded minerals and with the assistance of the blood and the lymph, transports them to the kidneys for elimination. IT IS THIS KIND OF MINERAL ELIMINATION THAT IS ERRONEOUSLY REFERRED TO AS LEACHING.THE NOTION THAT DISTILLED WATER LEACHES MINERALS FROM THE BODY IS INACCURATE; IT DOES NOTHING OF THE SORT. Distilled water collects and removes inorganic mineral that have been rejected by the cells and tissues and which, if not evacuated, can cause serious damage.

Odorless, colorless and tasteless, distilled water contains no solid mater of any kind, no minerals, organic or inorganic and is made solely of the two gases, hydrogen and oxygen. It can be used as a drinking water, for cooking, for electric irons and batteries; and it is so pure that it is used for intravenous feeding, inhalation therapy, prescriptions and baby formulas. ENJOY A GUARANTEED CLEAN GLASS OF DISTILLED WATER THE NEXT TIME YOU NEED SOMETHING TO DRINK AND RELAX.”

— Dr. Wayne Pickering, from “The Distilled Water Myth”

FRANK N. HEPBURN, USDA:

“THERE IS NOTHING ABOUT DISTILLED WATER THAT WOULD MAKE IT HARMFUL FOR THE BODY. It may be helpful to remember that distilled water is the only water available for crews of Naval vessels at sea.”

—Frank N. Hepburn, Chief, Nutrient Data Research Branch, United States Department of Agriculture, Consumer Nutrition Division

MICHAEL COLGAN:

“Distilled water is water which has been heated to the boiling point so that IMPURITIES ARE SEPARATED FROM THE WATER which itself becomes vapor or steam. It is then condensed back into pure liquid form. THE IMPURITIES REMAIN IN THE RESIDUE which is simply thrown away. Distilled water contains no solids, minerals or trace elements, and has no taste. Distillation removes the debris, bacteria, and other contaminants.

DISTILLED WATER HAS BEEN A WATER PURITY STANDARD in analytical labs, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, and many other industries for many years and more recently A GOLD STANDARD FOR DRINKING. Distillation duplicates nature’s hydrologic cycle. The sun’s heat vaporizes the water and draws it from the earth’s surface into the atmosphere. The impurities remain. As the vapor cools, it falls back to the earth as rain, snow, and other precipitation. As it leaves the clouds, the precipitation is pure but as it makes is descent to the earth it picks up the various forms of pollution found in the air. Then, as it reaches the ground, the water continues to pick-up contaminants on its way back to the various bodies of water on the earth. In mechanized distillation, water is boiled in a distiller, which creates steam that rises and leaves virtually all contaminants behind in the boiling chamber. Steam is then collected and condensed into pure, clean distilled water leaving the impurities behind to eventually flush down the drain. Because of the heat involved in the process of creating steam, all forms of bacteria and all water borne diseases are destroyed. DISTILLED WATER IS THE ONLY FORM OF WATER, WHICH IS FREE FROM ALL CONTAMINANTS AND IMPURITIES. DISTILLED WATER IS THE ONLY CLEAN WATER. VIRTUALLY EVERYTHING IS REMOVED FROM THE WATER BY STEAM DISTILLATION”.

— Dr. Michael Colgan, from, “Optimum Sports Nutrition”

RON KENNEDY:

“Now as to the argument that distilled water leaches out minerals. This is true, and this is exactly what we want it to do. The minerals it leaches out are of the unusable, ionic form and we want these to leave the body rather than be deposited and cause disease. Distilled water does not leach out significant amounts of biologically available minerals because these are quickly taken up by the body on an as needed basis. If they are present in excess then they are filtered through the kidneys and this is exactly what needs to happen with all things which are in excess in the circulation. DISTILLED WATER CLEANSES THE BODY through promoting healthy kidney function.”

— Dr. Ron Kennedy, M.D.

IAN SHILLINGTON:

“DON’T TAKE UNNECESSARY RISKS, DRINK HEALTHY, DRINK DISTILLED. To be Sure, several drinks of local tap water will not kill you, but common sense will tell you that YOUR BODY CANNOT FUNCTION AND SURVIVE WITH DAILY INGESTION OF POISON.”

— Dr. Ian Shillington N.D., from, “The Importance of Distilled Water”

VARAH SIEDLECKI:

“DISTILLED WATER REMOVES POISONOUS SUBSTANCES and inorganic mineral matter from the human body. This process will be impeded if the water you drink is already contaminated.”

” …only distilled water produces a completely negative ion reaction in the system. Negative ions are alkaline-forming. These negative charged ions draw the positively charged acid waste products, flushing them into the elimination channels of the body for excretion. So even though distilled water tests slightly acidic, because of its negative charge, A MORE ALKALINE INTERNAL SYSTEMIC ENVIRONMENT IS CREATED WHEN DISTILLED WATER IS CONSUMED.”

“Your body is 60-80 % water; water is the chief catalyst and medium for all the energy reactions that take place. Using higher energy, wet, DISTILLED WATER ASSURES THAT THE BODY’S METABOLIC ENVIRONMENT IS AT ITS BEST HYDRATION.”

— from “Why Distilled Water?” by Dr. Varah Siedlecki. DOM, DN, PH.D.

ALEXANDER F. BEDDOE:

“First of all DISTILLED WATER IS A HIGH ENERGY WET WATER. In order for it to end up high energy wet water it is going to have to become cationic. Remember, cations can have anywhere from 500 to 999 milhouse units of energy. The closer the distilled water is to 999 the higher energy and wetter it is going to be. Therefore, being highly cationic means it is also going to have a pH on the cationic side of the physiologic “neutral” point of 6.40. In other words, all distilled water is going to test cationic (acid).

This is not a problem, first because water is not to be a source of mineral nutrition — it is to be water and high energy water alone. Second, it has to be converted to the body’s frequency just like food energy. The “electron press” (anions against cations) that causes the resistance for this process to happen is not effected by the pH of the distilled water because there is no mineral base to react .”

— Dr. Alexander F. Beddoe, DDS, Advanced Ideals Institute

THEODORE A. BAROODY:

“Tissue acid wastes, which lead to an unwholesome death, are positively charged. DISTILLED WATER, BEING NEGATIVELY CHARGED, DRAWS TO IT THE POSITIVELY CHARGED ACID WASTE PRODUCTS and flushes them into the elimination channels.

Even though most distilled water tests acidic, critics of distilled water must understand that BECAUSE OF ITS NEGATIVE CHARGE, A MORE ALKALINE ENVIRONMENT IS CREATED IN THE BODY when imbibed.”

— from “Alkalize or Die” by Dr Theodore A Baroody

GEORGE CROMACK:

“I am often asked about distilled water versus spring water. Distilled water is pure H20. CONTRARY TO POPULAR BELIEF, OUR BODIES DO NOT ASSIMILATE THE INORGANIC MINERALS THAT ARE IN SPRING WATER or any other type of water other than distilled water. Rain water is distilled water also but in a polluted environment may uptake some of the environmental pollution.

The job of fruits and vegetables is to convert the inorganic minerals in the earth to organic minerals which our body can assimilate. IF WE COULD ASSIMILATE INORGANIC MINERALS WE COULD SUCK ON RUSTY NAILS TO GET OUR IRON REQUIREMENTS or eat dolomite and stones to get calcium and magnesium. IN FACT, THE INORGANIC MINERALS IN NON-DISTILLED WATER ARE STONE-LIKE AND LEAD TO DEPOSITS IN THE JOINTS which cause stiffness and plaque in the vascular system which causes arthrosclerosis.

After making 5 gallons of water my distiller has about a tablespoon of stone like material left behind…better in the distiller than in my body. THE AVERAGE PERSON CAN EASILY TAKE IN SEVERAL POUNDS OF STONE-LIKE MATERIAL IN A TWENTY TO THIRTY YEAR PERIOD OF TIME.

THE MYTH THAT DISTILLED WATER LEACHES MINERALS OUT OF THE BODY IS SIMPLY THAT, A MYTH.”

— Dr. George Cromack,  from, “Distilled Water vs. Spring Water” — http://renewyourselfblog.wordpress.com/tag/dr-george-cromack/page/2/

LEE T. ROZELLE AND DR. RONALD L. WATHEN:

“CONSUMPTION OF LOW TDS WATER”

(NOTE: DISTILLED WATER falls under the category of “LOW TDS WATER.”  The term “LOW TDS WATER” means water with a low Total Dissolved Solids count. Distilled Water is in the category of “LOW TDS WATER” because it generally has a count of zero parts per million of dissolved solids.)

A COMMITTEE REPORT BY THE WATER QUALITY ASSOCIATION, SCIENCE ADVISORY COMMITTEE 1991-1993 With Review By Dr. Lee T. Rozelle and Dr. Ronald L. Wathen, M.D. MARCH 1993

“The scope of this paper is limited to answering whether low TDS (Total Dissolved Solids) water contributes to the loss of minerals from body tissues, producing associated harmful side effects.”

“evidence is presented to demonstrate that THE CONSUMPTION OF WATER WITH LOW LEVELS OF MINERALS IS SAFE.”

“it is common for submarines TO PROVIDE NOTHING BUT PURIFIED WATER FOR MONTHS AT A TIME, all with no reported ill effects.  This was confirmed with separate sources at the David Taylor Research Center in Annapolis, the Naval Sea Systems Command, the Bureau of Medicine and Surgery, and the Navy Environmental Health Center.  Finally, the Surgeon General directed the Navy to address the subject formally in 1972.  The conclusion was that DRINKING DISTILLED WATER IS NOT HARMFUL.”

“IN SHORT, THE HUMAN BODY IS NOT A LEAD OR COPPER PIPE WHICH “LEACHES” IN THE PRESENCE OF PURIFIED WATER.”

“There are NO KNOWN DOCUMENTED EXPERIENCES WHICH SHOW that consuming low Total Dissolved Solids water will create ANY LONG-TERM HEALTH EFFECTS.”

“thousands of private wells, as well as numerous small municipal systems in the U.S., produce low Total Dissolved Solids water. NO KNOWN HEALTH EFFECTS OR PROBLEMS HAVE BEEN REPORTED as a result of this widespread practice.”

In a field test in Boulder, Colorado with about 50 families, an experimental, zero discharge water system provided drinking water containing about .05 parts per million TDS. NO ILL HEALTH EFFECTS WERE CAUSED AS A RESULT OF DRINKING THIS WATER.

In conclusion, the field experiences cited suggest that THERE ARE NO LONG-TERM ILL HEALTH EFFECTS, SPECIFICALLY THE MINERAL LEACHING FROM HUMAN TISSUE, DUE TO THE CONSUMPTION OF LOW TDS WATER.”

— Dr. Lee T. Rozelle and Dr. Ronald L. Wathen, M.D., from “CONSUMPTION OF LOW TDS WATER” by THE  WATER QUALITY ASSOCIATION

EDWARD V. OHANIAN

“I am NOT AWARE OF ANY DATA adequate to support the conclusion that water with low levels of minerals is unsafe.”

— Dr. Edward V. Ohanian, Chief of Human Risk Assessment Branch, United States Environmental Protection Agency, from “CONSUMPTION OF LOW TDS WATER” by THE WATER QUALITY ASSOCIATION

GALAL-GORCHEV:

“NO INFORMATION THAT SUCH (LOW TOTAL DISSOLVED SOLIDS) WATER WOULD HAVE ANY ADVERSE EFFECT ON MINERAL BALANCE.”

— Dr. Galal-Gorchev, World Health Organization, from “CONSUMPTION OF LOW TDS WATER” by THE WATER QUALITY ASSOCIATION

DETOX SYMPTOMS:

When you read the different doctors describe how distilled water melts garbage inside of you, make sure you understand that this translates into real world events. As in, garbage WILL start to pour out of you! It has to come out! But better out than in, right? So this means, you WILL have detox symptoms. And everybody is different as to how they detox, where they detox, and what they detox. It all depends on what YOU have ingested and inhaled your whole life and what routes your body chooses to eject the garbage.

Know that these symptoms are only temporary. They can only last as long as you still have garbage inside of you. You can dial in the speed too. If it’s too much detox for you, back off on the distilled water, eat healthy, consume more raw fruits, vegetables, herbs, nuts and seeds and then come back to it again when you feel stronger.

Here is a link to a short audio clip specifically about detox symptoms…

Distilled Water Detox Symptoms

Remember, when they say this is the greatest solvent known to man, THEY’RE NOT KIDDING!!!

Cites:

(1) The Choice Is Clear

(2) Distilled Water and Health